Pharmacokinetics and dose selection of a novel, long-acting transdermal fentanyl solution in healthy laboratory Beagles.

Abstract

A novel, transdermal fentanyl solution (TFS) was developed that delivers sustained concentrations of fentanyl for days following a single application. The pharmacokinetics following a single topical dose was examined. Eighteen adult Beagle dogs were divided into three groups of six dogs (3M, 3F). Each group was administered a single dose of 1.3 (25), 2.6 (50), or 5.2 mg/kg (100 μL/kg) of TFS. The dose was applied to the clipped, ventral abdominal skin using a 1-mL tuberculin syringe. Immediately following dosing, collars were placed on each dog through 72 h to prevent direct licking of the application site. Serial jugular venous blood samples were collected at 0 (predosing), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, 108, 120, 144, 168, 240, 336, 408, and 504 h after dosing and assayed for plasma fentanyl concentration. Fentanyl was rapidly detected following application with a mean absorption lag time (t(lag) ) of 0.333 h in the 1.3 mg/kg group and 0 in the other two groups. The mean C(max) increased with dose and were 2.28, 2.67, and 4.71 ng/mL in the 1.3, 2.6 and 5.2 mg/kg dose groups, respectively. Mean terminal half-lives were 53.7, 69.6, and 103 h in the 1.3, 2.6, and 5.2 mg/kg dose groups, respectively. The mean AUC(0-LLOQ) from lowest to highest dose groups were 157, 268, and 645 ng·h/mL and were dose proportional with a R(2) value of 0.9818. Adverse reactions were limited to the highest dose group and included sedation (four of six dogs) and decreased food and water intake (one dog). A dose of 2.6 mg/kg (50 μL/kg) is proposed for further development studies based on the lack of adverse events that were observed compared to the 5.2 mg/kg group and a more rapid onset of action and longer duration of action compared to the 1.3 mg/kg group.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2885.2012.01399.x

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@article{Freise2012PharmacokineticsAD, title={Pharmacokinetics and dose selection of a novel, long-acting transdermal fentanyl solution in healthy laboratory Beagles.}, author={Kevin J. Freise and M C Savides and Kari L Riggs and John G. Owens and G C Newbound and Terrence P Clark}, journal={Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics}, year={2012}, volume={35 Suppl 2}, pages={21-6} }