The pharmacokinetics of sisomicin in the blood, infection foci and urine of patients with wound infections was studied comparatively. Higher blood levels of the antibiotic after intravenous injection as compared to those after intramuscular injection provided its more intensive penetration into the tissues of the wound edges and bottom. After intravenous injection the sisomicin concentration in the tissues was sufficient for inhibition of the strains of Staphylococcus, E. coli and Ps. aeruginosa detected in the patients, while after intramuscular injection the antibiotic levels were sufficient only for inhibition of the first two causative agents. Comparison of the data on the sisomicin pharmacokinetics in the blood and tissues of the wounds provided the characteristics of the level of the drug penetration into the focus of the infection ("therapeutic availability"). Since the levels of sisomicin in the blood and infection foci were highly variable in different individuals. It is recommended that the antibiotic be used under the control of its concentrations in patients. It was shown that the data on the sisomicin renal excretion might be used for the purposes of the pharmacokinetic control.