Pharmacokinetic Properties of Saffron and its Active Components

@article{Hosseini2017PharmacokineticPO,
  title={Pharmacokinetic Properties of Saffron and its Active Components},
  author={Azar Hosseini and Bibi Marjan Razavi and Hossein Hosseinzadeh},
  journal={European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics},
  year={2017},
  volume={43},
  pages={383-390}
}
Saffron as a medicinal plant has many therapeutic effects. Phytochemical studies have reported that saffron is composed of at least four active ingredients which include crocin, crocetin, picrocrocin and safranal. The carotenoids of saffron are sensitive to oxygen, light, heat and enzymatic oxidization. However, regulation of these factors is required for saffron quality. Some pharmacologic effects of saffron and its active compounds include cardioprotective, neuroprotective, memory enhancer… 
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