Pharmacoepidemiology of anabolic androgenic steroids: a review

@article{Thiblin2005PharmacoepidemiologyOA,
  title={Pharmacoepidemiology of anabolic androgenic steroids: a review},
  author={Ingemar Thiblin and Anna Malou Petersson},
  journal={Fundamental \& Clinical Pharmacology},
  year={2005},
  volume={19}
}
Non‐prescribed use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has been associated with a number of physical and psychiatric/behavioural complications, some of which are potentially lethal. Here, we review both observational and experimental studies on human subjects concerned with such side‐effects. The only physical complication of AAS use that receives definitive support from such investigations is unfavourable changes in blood lipid profiles. Support for various psychiatric complications has also… 
Anabolic Steroid Abuse and Dependence in Clinical Practice
  • K. Brower
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The Physician and sportsmedicine
  • 2009
TLDR
All physicians who treat nonmedical AAS users will benefit from an understanding of these psychological variables, including the potential for AAS to cause dependence, and guidelines are suggested for assessment and treatment.
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TLDR
The accumulating human and animal evidence showing that AAS may cause a distinct dependence syndrome is reviewed, and standard diagnostic criteria for substance dependence must be adapted slightly for cumulatively acting drugs such as AAS.
Anabolic–androgenic steroids and liver injury
TLDR
A representative case of intrahepatic cholestasis is described with the intention to discuss AAS‐related liver toxicity (including the potential therapeutic role of ursodeoxycholic acid) and to comment on several aspects of the clinical scenario the gastroenterologist should be aware of.
Morbidade hospitalar por ingestão de esteroides anabólico-androgênicos (EAA) no Brasil
TLDR
The results of this study showed that the hospitalization rate was relatively low for AAS intake; women and individuals aged 15-29 years possessed the highest rates in the period studied.
Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids
TLDR
The level of evidence for treating anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence is currently based on case reports and series as well as expert opinion, and knowledge of the psychiatric, physical, and laboratory findings aids detection.
Acute and chronic adverse reaction of anabolic–androgenic steroids
TLDR
Anabolic–androgenic steroids (anabolic androgens, AAS) are widely abused to enhance performance in sport but the underlying personality traits of AAS abusers and concomitant alcohol use, may confound this relationship.
Anabolic Androgenic Steroids in the General Population: User Characteristics and Associations with Substance Use
TLDR
Lifetime use of anabolic androgenic steroids appears to share common characteristics with illicit substance use, and both substance use variables and physical training remained associated with AAS use when controlling for one another.
nabolic steroids and cardiovascular risk : A national opulation-based cohort study
TLDR
Non-therapeutic exposure to AAS appears to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and premature death in individuals who tested positive for AAS.
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