Pharmacodynamics and Potential Toxicity of Intranasally Administered

  title={Pharmacodynamics and Potential Toxicity of Intranasally Administered},
  author={Shirui Mao and Shiling Yang and BI Dianzhou},
tered by oral and parenteral routes. However, in many instances, oral administration is unsuitable if a drug is significantly degraded in the gastrointestinal tract or is considerably metabolized by the first-pass effect in the liver. In addition, the parenteral route can be undesirable or impractical if a drug is intended for treatment of children diseases… CONTINUE READING