Pharmaceutical and personal care products in tile drainage following surface spreading and injection of dewatered municipal biosolids to an agricultural field.

@article{Edwards2009PharmaceuticalAP,
  title={Pharmaceutical and personal care products in tile drainage following surface spreading and injection of dewatered municipal biosolids to an agricultural field.},
  author={Mark Edwards and Edward Topp and Chris D Metcalfe and Hongxia Li and Natalie Gottschall and Patricia A. Bolton and W. E. Curnoe and Michael Payne and Andrew Beck and Sonya Kleywegt and David Lapen},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},
  year={2009},
  volume={407 14},
  pages={
          4220-30
        }
}
Land application of municipal biosolids can be a source of environmental contamination by pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs). This study examined PPCP concentrations/temporally discrete mass loads in agricultural tile drainage systems where two applications of biosolids had previously taken place. The field plots received liquid municipal biosolids (LMB) in the fall of 2005 at an application rate of approximately 93,500 L ha (-1), and a second land application was conducted using… CONTINUE READING
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