Peyote and mescaline exposures: a 12-year review of a statewide poison center database

  title={Peyote and mescaline exposures: a 12-year review of a statewide poison center database},
  author={Shaun D. Carstairs and Frank Lee Cantrell},
  journal={Clinical Toxicology},
  pages={350 - 353}
Background. Peyote, a cactus containing the hallucinogen mescaline, has been used by Native Americans for thousands of years. Illicit use is also known to occur, but reports in the medical literature consist only of isolated case reports. Objectives. We sought to identify characteristics of patients with reported exposure to peyote or mescaline. Methods. We performed a retrospective review of the California Poison Control System database for the years 1997–2008 for all cases of single-substance… 

Pharmacokinetic And Pharmacodynamic Aspects Of Peyote And Mescaline: Clinical And Forensic Repercussions.

It is clear that most intoxications appear to be mild and are unlikely to produce life-threatening symptoms, which favors the contemporary interest in the therapeutic potential of the drugs of the class.

Natural psychoactive substance-related exposures reported to United States poison control centers, 2000–2017

While rates of exposure to most natural psychoactive substances decreased during the 18-year study period, rates for marijuana, nutmeg, and kratom increased significantly.

The epidemiology of mescaline use: Pattern of use, motivations for consumption, and perceived consequences, benefits, and acute and enduring subjective effects

Findings indicate that the mescaline in any form may produce a psychedelic experience that is associated with the spiritual significance and improvements in the mental health with low potential for abuse.

[Emergent drugs (III): hallucinogenic plants and mushrooms].

An increase in the consumption of vegetable substances with a hallucinogenic effect has been observed. Some of these substances are associated with ancestral religious ceremonies, while many of them

Prevalence of reported peyote use 1985-2010 effects of the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1994.

  • Bob Prue
  • Political Science
    The American journal on addictions
  • 2014
It is hypothesized that social desirability biases suppressed the Pre-AIRFA use rates due to peyote illegal status, and this research adds to the body of evidence regarding the levels of under-reporting of illicit drugs.

Mescaline abuse via peyote cactus: the first case report in Turkey -

Mescaline,β-3,4,5-trimethoxy phenethylamin, is a psycho-active hallucinogen alkalloid extracted from cactus of peyote that resemble natural neurotransmitters epinephrine and dopamine. Peyote is a

Detection of mescaline in human hair samples by UPLC-MS/MS: Application to 19 authentic forensic cases.

  • Shuo YangYan Shi Bin Di
  • Chemistry
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
  • 2022

Acute Mescaline Intoxication Followed by Catatonia

A 41-year-old man who in search of the meaning of life in a so-called “shamanic ritual” drank tea made from the San Pedro cactus as well as paste made of the same plant was admitted to the Department of Psychiatry where he was administered a second generation antipsychotic.

When good times go bad: managing ‘legal high’ complications in the emergency department

This review will attempt to group legal agents into expected toxidromes and discuss associated common clinical manifestations and management of patients in the emergency department who have used "legal high” substances.



Navajo peyote use: its apparent safety.

The rate of serious emotional disturbance caused by peyote, a hallucinogenic plant containing mescaline in an American Indian religion is found to be very low, probably because the feelings evoked by the drug experience are channeled by church belief and practice into ego-strengthening directions and there are built-in safeguards against bad reactions.

2007 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data System (NPDS): 25th Annual Report

Background: This report is the 25th Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC; National Poison Data System (NPDS). During 2007, 60 of the

Botulism from peyote.

To the Editor: Botulism causes skeletal-muscle weakness resulting from bacterial exotoxins that irreversibly block the release of acetylcholine from presynaptic motor neurons. We report three cases...

Annual report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers

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Peyote: an introduction.

Mescaline: a pharmacological profile.

  • H. Aboul‐Enein
  • Medicine
    American journal of pharmacy and the sciences supporting public health
  • 1973