Peyote Alkaloids: Identification in a Prehistoric Specimen of Lophophora from Coahuila, Mexico

  title={Peyote Alkaloids: Identification in a Prehistoric Specimen of Lophophora from Coahuila, Mexico},
  author={Jan G. Bruhn and J-E. Lindgren and B R Holmstedt and James Adovasio},
  pages={1437 - 1438}
Mescaline, anhalonine, lophophorine, pellotine, and anhalonidine have been identified in alkaloid extracts of a prehistoric specimen of Lophophora from a burial cave in west central Coahuila, Mexico. The specimen is associated with radiocarbon dates of A.D. 810 to 1070 and is one of the oldest materials ever submitted to alkaloid analysis. 

Whole Pots Full of Idolatrous Powdered Herbs

Scarce records documenting the use of peyote (Lophophora williamsii) in Spanish Colonial New Mexico prior to the 1680 Pueblo Revolt provide no indication of when or by whom it was introduced, or how

Peyote identification on the basis of differences in morphology, mescaline content, and trnL/trnF sequence between Lophophora williamsii and L. diffusa

The finding indicated that the two species could not be differentiated in terms of mescaline content, and the potential application of the PCR–restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method as a means of identification based on the trnL/trnF sequence was investigated.

Peyotl and mescaline.

Although only more recently studied than the well known mescaline-containing peyote cactus (Lophophora williamsii) of North America, the use of mescalinecontaining Cactaccae in South America now

Lower Pecos and Coahuila peyote: new radiocarbon dates

A tale of two cacti: studies in Astrophytum asterias and Lophophora williamsii

The results of extensive research to document extant U.S. populations by county are reported, drawing specific conclusions about where each species currently occurs, where its occurrence is uncertain and where it is unlikely, based on herbarium specimens, verifiable reports in the primary literature and interviews with knowledgeable individuals.

Ecstasy Analogues Found in Cacti

It is shown that lophophine, homopiperonylamine and lobi vine are new minor constituents of two cactus species, Lophophora williamsii (peyote) and Trichocereus pachanoi (San Pedro), the first report of putatively psychoactive phenethylamines besides mescaline in these cacti.

Texas Peyote Culture

  • K. Feeney
  • Linguistics
    Cactus and Succulent Journal
  • 2018
Texas Peyote Culture Peyote (Lophophora williamsii (Lem.) Coult.) has deep roots in Texas, or a deep taproot to be precise. While Texas is currently home to a federally regulated peyote trade, where



The tertiary alkaloids of some Asian species of Strychnos

Examination of different plant parts of the two species showed that in the root bark and root wood alkaloids of the normal series tend to predominate; in the stem bark pseudo and N-methyl-pseudo alkaloid are the most important; and in the seeds again normal seriesbases Predominate.

Persistence of Alkaloids in Plant Tissue

Under appropriate conditions of preservation, alkaloids can be detected in plant tissues after extended periods of time and a positive test was given by a sample of plant material estimated to be 1300 years old.

Peyote constituents: chemistry, biogenesis, and biological effects.

Thin-layer chromatography of the peyote alkaloids.

Cactaceae alkaloids. I.

S.C; Bh'!>e-landJ.D.pnrllLp:i('n

  • J

Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was performed with an LKB 9000 mass spectrometer at 70 eV