Petrophysical and mechanical properties of Euganean trachyte and implications for dimension stone decay and durability performance

@article{Germinario2017PetrophysicalAM,
  title={Petrophysical and mechanical properties of Euganean trachyte and implications for dimension stone decay and durability performance},
  author={Luigi Germinario and Siegfried Siegesmund and Lara Maritan and Claudio Mazzoli},
  journal={Environmental Earth Sciences},
  year={2017},
  volume={76},
  pages={1-21}
}
Euganean trachyte is a subvolcanic porphyritic rock extracted in northern Italy with an age-old tradition of use as dimension stone, historically linked, in particular, to the fervent building activity brought by the Roman Empire and, later on, the Republic of Venice Serenissima. The results of a comprehensive petrophysical and mechanical characterization of Euganean trachyte from the most representative quarries are discussed here, involving the following properties: density, porosity, water… Expand
Variability of technical properties and durability in volcanic tuffs from the same quarry region – examples from Northern Hungary
Abstract Volcanic tuffs are notoriously very heterogeneous materials exhibiting a recurrent lithological diversity, which, in turn, can be associated with changing petrophysical and mechanicalExpand
Role of petrography in durability of limestone used in construction of Persepolis complex subjected to artificial accelerated ageing tests
Persepolis historical complex hosts palaces and tombs which are constructed by stone blocks. These stones suffer from various weathering. Hence, in this study, physico-mechanical properties ofExpand
Surface Weathering of Tuffs: Compositional and Microstructural Changes in the Building Stones of the Medieval Castles of Hungary
Volcanic tuffs have a historical tradition of usage in Northern Hungary as dimension stones for monumental construction, Ottoman architecture, common dwellings, etc., admirable at its best in theExpand
Evaluating the influence of petrographic and textural characteristics on geotechnical properties of some carbonate rock samples by empirical equations
The effect of petrographic and textural characteristics on geotechnical properties of some carbonate rock samples including limestone and travertine was investigated using Texture Coefficient (TC)Expand
Trachyte weathering in the urban built environment related to air quality
Decay of trachyte used as building stone in urban environment was investigated through the analysis of crusts and patinas found on trachyte of the Euganean Hills in the Renaissance city walls ofExpand
Ghaleh-khargushi rhyodacite and Gorid andesite from Iran: characterization, uses, and durability
Durability of building stones is an important issue in sustainable development. Crystallization of soluble salts is recognized as one of the most destructive weathering agents of building stones. ForExpand
What kind of calcite? Disclosing the origin of sparry calcite temper in ancient ceramics
Abstract The addition of temper in the pottery manufacturing process is attested since Prehistoric Times and is still a production choice adopted in the ceramic industry. When the temper is composedExpand
Taya Caves, a Buddhist marvel hidden in underground Japan: stone properties, deterioration, and environmental setting
The Buddhist sacred site of Taya Caves is a gem hidden underground in Yokohama, Japan. The caves were excavated and sculpted into bare rock by Shingon Buddhist monks from the Kamakura until the EdoExpand
Rock Features and Alteration of Stone Materials Used for the Built Environment: A Review of Recent Publications on Ageing Tests
This work presents a review of recent publications, with publication date between 2017 and 2019, with information on the relation between rock characteristics and the effects of diverse agentsExpand
Approaches to the Study of Salt Weathering of Geological Materials
Salt weathering is the main erosive process affecting diverse geological materials in historical and contemporary structures and can also contribute to visual changes by surface crystallization. TheExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Quality assessment of replacement stones for the Cologne Cathedral: mineralogical and petrophysical requirements
Owing to its long building history, different types of building stones comprised the construction of the Cologne Cathedral. Severe damage is observed on the different stones, e.g., sandstones,Expand
Decay of calcareous building stone under the combined action of thermoclastism and cryoclastism: A laboratory simulation
Abstract This paper aims at illustrating the driving forces of thermoclastism and cryoclastism in calcareous building stone and their effects on fabric and technical properties. An artificialExpand
Physical and Mechanical Properties of Rocks
Since early antiquity dimension stones have been used as building materials due to their natural beauty and availability, and the diversity of their applications has increased ever since. As anyExpand
The combined influence of mineralogical, hygric and thermal properties on the durability of porous building stones
It is a common practice to test building stones against an isolated decay factor when assessing the durability of building stones. Accordingly, the interpretation of results is often driven by theExpand
Combined multi-analytical approach for study of pore system in bricks: How much porosity is there?
Abstract During the firing of bricks, mineralogical and textural transformations produce an artificial aggregate characterised by significant porosity. Particularly as regards pore-size distributionExpand
Trachyte weathering in the urban built environment related to air quality
Decay of trachyte used as building stone in urban environment was investigated through the analysis of crusts and patinas found on trachyte of the Euganean Hills in the Renaissance city walls ofExpand
Building and ornamental use of trachyte in the center of France during antiquity: Sources and criteria of identification
Abstract The volcanic field of Chaine des Puys (French Massif Central) includes six trachytic volcanoes, the lavas of which were more or less extensively exploited during antiquity and medieval agesExpand
Anisotropic technical properties of building stones and their development due to fabric changes
Abstract Technical properties of building stones are of critical importance in applied geosciences such as engineering geology, and also with respect to construction or building physics. Among theExpand
Stone deterioration and replacement of natural building stones at the Cologne cathedral - A contribution to the preservation of cultural heritage
The present work deals with the deterioration of natural building stones as a function of mineralogical and petrophysical properties in different environmental and building-physical contexts. TakingExpand
Discriminating pottery production by image analysis: a case study of Mesolithic and Neolithic pottery from Al Khiday (Khartoum, Sudan)
Abstract Pottery from Al Khiday (Khartoum, Sudan), where a number of sites with well-preserved stratified archaeological sequences have been excavated and radiometrically dated to the Mesolithic andExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...