Peter W. Zapffe and the Virtual Tragic

  title={Peter W. Zapffe and the Virtual Tragic},
  author={Stefano Gualeni and Daniel Vella},
Norwegian philosopher and mountaineer Peter W. Zapffe understands human life as inherently meaningless. In relation to that meaninglessness, he identifies four ways in which human beings typically protect themselves from the existential panic that accompanies the awareness of that meaninglessness—isolation, anchoring, distraction, and sublimation. This chapter considers the extent to which our engagement with virtual environments can be understood in terms of each of Zapffe’s four categories… 



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