Pestiferous nature, resting sites, aggregation, and host-seeking behavior of the eye fly Siphunculina funicola (Diptera: Chloropidae) in Thailand

  title={Pestiferous nature, resting sites, aggregation, and host-seeking behavior of the eye fly Siphunculina funicola (Diptera: Chloropidae) in Thailand},
  author={Mir S. Mulla and U-ruyakorn Chansang},
  booktitle={Journal of Vector Ecology},
ABSTRACT Species of eye flies and eye gnats (Diptera: Chloropidae) are severe and persistent pests of man, domestic and wild animals, and potential vectors of pathogens. The species prevailing in the Oriental region belong to the genus Siphunculina, while those in the Neotropic and Nearctic regions belong to Liohippelates and Hippelates. These are small insects of 1-2 mm that feed on wounds, lacerations, scratches, and mucous membranes of man and higher animals. One species, Siphunculina… 


Eye flies were responsible for transmitting acute conjunctivitis, "pink eye" and several other diseases to humans and live stock, and disposal of aggregation sources of flies and decaying organic matters and treating such breeding places with 0.03/DDVP/malathion /Azadirachtin can control the eyeflies.

The eye fly Siphunculina funicola (Diptera: Chloropidae) as a carrier of pathogenic bacteria in Thailand.

A diverse group of bacteria (64 species), both gram-posi-tive and gram-negative, most in risk category 2, were identified and these bacteria may cause disease conditions in humans and animals.

Field Evaluation of Repellents and Insecticidal Aerosol Compositions for Repelling and Control of Siphunculina funicola (Diptera: Chloropidae) on Aggregation Sites in Thailand

The use of commonly available insecticide aerosol products could provide a good source of materials for the elimination of eye flies from their domestic and peridomestic aggregation sites.

Control of aggregated populations of the eye fly Siphunculina funicola (diptera: chloropidae) using pyrethroid aerosols.

  • U. ChansangM. Mulla
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health
  • 2008
The effectiveness and longevity of the aerosols varied depending on the type and location of the substrate, and Smooth, hairy and polished substrates did not intercept sufficient insecticide; therefore providing low residual activity compared to porous and coated surfaces.

Temporal and spatial distribution, sex ratio and fecundity of the eye fly siphunculina funicola (Diptera: Chloropidae) at aggregation sites during diurnal and nocturnal periods.

The distribution and abundance of the eye fly Siphunculina funicola in Thailand is determined and the sex ratio and fecundity of eye flies from aggregation sites collected during the day-time and night-time is investigated, suggesting egg retention by the females when oviposition sites (presumably soil) were dry.

Eye Gnat (Liohippelates, Diptera: Chloropidae) Biology, Ecology, and Management: Past, Present, and future

Eye gnats (mainly Liohippelates pusio and Liohippelates collusor) are pest species that have been the subject of considerable research and extension activity in the United States since the 1930s.

Old fly, new trick: Hippelates insignificans (Malloch, 1931) (Diptera: Chloropidae) biting humans

It is concluded that the biting experienced is linked to the climatic conditions in the region, and that this species is not a known vector of disease, and represents a low risk for disease vector potential.

Distribution and community structure of chloropid flies (Diptera: Chloropidae) in Nearctic glacial and post‐glacial grasslands

Arthropod species inhabiting disjunct xeric grasslands in the Yukon Territory, Canada may be relicts of Pleistocene steppe assemblages widespread in Beringia during glaciation, or they may be recent

Introductory Chapter: Diptera

  • F. PerveenAnzela Khan
  • Biology
    The Wonders of Diptera - Characteristics, Diversity, and Significance for the World's Ecosystems
  • 2021
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Studies on the eye-flies Siphunculina Rondani from Nepal (Diptera : Chloropidae)

The genus Siphuncttlina Rondani from Nepal, including species known as eye fiies that transmit some eye diseases and cause considerable anncyance in the Old World tropics, is taxonomically examined and a comprehensiye key to 8 species of the genus from Nepal and 6 already-known species from India is provided.

Siphunculina Funicola (Eye-Fly)

To the Editor, The Indian Medical Gazette, in your January 1938 number, Mr. MSyddiq has published a short resume of the life his of the eye-fly, S. funicola, and it will be seen that Dr. Roy should be g prior credit for his observations.

The Oscinidae (Diptera) as Vectors of Conjunctivitis, and the Anatomy of their Mouth Parts

An account is given of the anatomy of the mouth parts, which appear to be so modified that the flies are likely to cause minute punctures when they feed on the delicate conjunctival epithelium or on recent wounds.

Conjunctivitis in Southwest Georgia.

Its incidence seems closely related to the seasonal and geographic abundance of "eye gnats" of the genus Hippelates, which is not unreasonably considered as a possible vector of conjunctivitis.

Neurofibromatosis with the eye fly Siphunculina funicola in an eyelid tumor.

A 15-year-old Indonesian girl presented with a history of one year of multiple cutaneous tumors including a protuberant mass of the right upper eyelid including a cystic cavity in the eyelid tumor that contained the eye-fly Siphunculina funicola.

Species of Hippelates (Diptera: Chloropidae) Gnats Collected from Mammals