Pesticides and honey bee toxicity — USA

@article{Johnson2011PesticidesAH,
  title={Pesticides and honey bee toxicity — USA},
  author={Reed M. Johnson and Marion D. Ellis and Christopher A. Mullin and Maryann T. Frazier},
  journal={Apidologie},
  year={2011},
  volume={41},
  pages={312-331}
}
Until 1985 discussions of pesticides and honey bee toxicity in the USA were focused on pesticides applied to crops and the unintentional exposure of foraging bees to them. The recent introduction of arthropod pests of honey bees, Acarapis woodi (1984), Varroa destructor (1987), and Aethina tumida (1997), to the USA have resulted in the intentional introduction of pesticides into beehives to suppress these pests. Both the unintentional and the intentional exposure of honey bees to pesticides… 

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