Pessimistic Explanatory Style and Cardiac Health: What is the Relation and the Mechanism that Links Them?

@article{Bennett2005PessimisticES,
  title={Pessimistic Explanatory Style and Cardiac Health: What is the Relation and the Mechanism that Links Them?},
  author={Kymberley K. Bennett and Marta Elliot},
  journal={Basic and Applied Social Psychology},
  year={2005},
  volume={27},
  pages={239 - 248}
}
This study examined the relation between pessimistic explanatory style and cardiac health among a sample of cardiovascular disease patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation programs. Data were collected from 72 patients at the beginning and end of their cardiac rehabilitation programs. Participants completed questionnaires assessing explanatory style, depressive symptoms, and subjective appraisals of cardiac health. Objective indicators of cardiovascular health were collected from… Expand
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References

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This study tests the relationship between pessimistic explanatory style and illness with questionnaire data. Questionnaires were administered to 234 college students at a midsized Western university.Expand
Pessimistic explanatory style moderates the effect of stress on physical illness
Explanatory style is a cognitive personality variable that reflects the tendency to explain bad events involving the self with causes that are internal to the self, stable across time, and global inExpand
Pessimistic explanatory style is a risk factor for physical illness: a thirty-five-year longitudinal study.
TLDR
Pessimism in early adulthood appears to be a risk factor for poor health in middle and late adulthood and pessimistic explanatory style predicted poor health at ages 45 through 60. Expand
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TLDR
The results suggest that one pathway leading from pessimistic explanatory style to poor health is mundane: passivity in the face of disease. Expand
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College students completed questionnaires measuring their explanatory style and health status. Four weeks later, they completed questionnaires measuring major life events, hassles, and health status.Expand
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TLDR
In a meta-analysis of 37 studies, the effects of psychoeducational programs for coronary heart disease patients were examined and it is suggested that cardiac rehabilitation programs that were successful on proximal targets were more effective on distal targets than programs without success on proximate targets. Expand
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One hundred and twenty entering freshmen, at risk for depression on the basis of their pessimistic explanatory style scores, were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: an 8week,Expand
The Contribution of Attributional Style to Perceived Disability in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Longitudinal Study
The current study investigated the influence of general causal attributions on self-reported physical disability over the course of 1 year in a sample of 42 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Expand
EXPLANATORY STYLE AND HELPLESSNESS
Explanatory style refers to our habitual ways of explaining bad events. According to the reformulation of the learned helplessness model, stability and globality of explanatory style influence theExpand
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TLDR
Results supported the hypothesis that pessimistic attributional style is a nonspecific diathesis for symptoms of both anxiety and depression, as well as to depressed and anxious mood. Expand
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