Pessimistic Explanatory Style and Cardiac Health: What is the Relation and the Mechanism that Links Them?

  title={Pessimistic Explanatory Style and Cardiac Health: What is the Relation and the Mechanism that Links Them?},
  author={Kymberley K. Bennett and Marta Elliot},
  journal={Basic and Applied Social Psychology},
  pages={239 - 248}
This study examined the relation between pessimistic explanatory style and cardiac health among a sample of cardiovascular disease patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation programs. Data were collected from 72 patients at the beginning and end of their cardiac rehabilitation programs. Participants completed questionnaires assessing explanatory style, depressive symptoms, and subjective appraisals of cardiac health. Objective indicators of cardiovascular health were collected from… 
Effect of negative attributions on depressive symptoms of patients with coronary heart disease after controlling for physical functional impairment.
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Anger rumination, social support, and cardiac symptoms in patients undergoing angiography.
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Optimism is a major predictor of positive physical health outcomes and a significant predictor of health outcomes or markers according to objective measures of physical health.
It's all in how you view it: Pessimism, social relations, and life satisfaction in older adults with osteoarthritis
The authors' models support the combined roles of pessimism and social support influencing life satisfaction over time and suggest future interventions may want to concentrate on improving the social relationships of people with OA to enhance psychological well-being.
Out of Control Central or Peripheral? Control, Personality, and Depression
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Attributing illness to ‘old age:’ Consequences of a self-directed stereotype for health and mortality
It is demonstrated that ‘old age’ attributions were associated with more frequent perceived health symptoms, poorer health maintenance behaviours and a greater likelihood of mortality at 2-year follow-up.
Attributing heart attack and stroke to “Old Age”: Implications for subsequent health outcomes among older adults
Endorsement of “old age” as a cause of heart attack/stroke negatively predicted lifestyle behavior change, and positively predicted frequency of physician visits and likelihood of hospitalization over the subsequent 3 years.
Improved cognitive content endures for 2 years among unstable responders to acute-phase cognitive therapy for recurrent major depressive disorder
Outpatients with recurrent MDD who respond to acute-phase CT show durable improvements in cognitive content, and C-CT or FLX may not continue to improve patient-reported cognitive content substantively, and thus may treat recurrentMDD by other paths.
Is ignorance bliss? Depression, antidepressants, and the diagnosis of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.
  • B. Mezuk, V. Johnson-Lawrence, J. Jackson
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2013
The relationship between diabetes status and depression and antidepressant use depends on whether the diabetes has been clinically identified, and findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the relationship between Diabetes and depression may be attributable to factors related to disease management.


Explanatory Style and Health: Mechanisms Linking Pessimism to Illness1
This study tests the relationship between pessimistic explanatory style and illness with questionnaire data. Questionnaires were administered to 234 college students at a midsized Western university.
Pessimistic explanatory style is a risk factor for physical illness: a thirty-five-year longitudinal study.
Pessimism in early adulthood appears to be a risk factor for poor health in middle and late adulthood and pessimistic explanatory style predicted poor health at ages 45 through 60.
Pessimistic explanatory style and response to illness.
Pessimistic Explanatory Style, Stress, and Illness
Contrary to the prediction of the reformulated helplessness model, the occurrence of bad life events did not interact with explanatory style to predispose poor health, but the tendency to explain bad events with stable and global causes was related to reports of hassles.
A meta-analysis of psychoeducational programs for coronary heart disease patients.
In a meta-analysis of 37 studies, the effects of psychoeducational programs for coronary heart disease patients were examined and it is suggested that cardiac rehabilitation programs that were successful on proximal targets were more effective on distal targets than programs without success on proximate targets.
Physical health following a cognitive–behavioral intervention.
One hundred and twenty entering freshmen, at risk for depression on the basis of their pessimistic explanatory style scores, were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: an 8week,
The Contribution of Attributional Style to Perceived Disability in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Longitudinal Study
Results indicated that internal attributions for disease-unrelated negative events assessed at Time 1 were associated with lower perceived physical disability, whereas stable attribution for negative events wereassociated with greater perceived physical Disability 1 year later.
Explanatory style refers to our habitual ways of explaining bad events. According to the reformulation of the learned helplessness model, stability and globality of explanatory style influence the