Perspectives in the new Russulales

@article{Miller2006PerspectivesIT,
  title={Perspectives in the new Russulales},
  author={Steven L. Miller and Ellen Larsson and Karl-Henrik Larsson and Annemieke Verbeken and Jorinde Nuytinck},
  journal={Mycologia},
  year={2006},
  volume={98},
  pages={960 - 970}
}
The Russulales is one of 12 major lineages recently elucidated by molecular sequence data in the homobasidiomycetes. [] Key Result Two large sister groups encompassing 11-13 major clades have been recovered within the Russulales. Based on molecular and morphological data 12 families and approximately 80 genera have been identified, although placement of many taxa has not yet been determined.

A multi-gene phylogeny of Lactifluus (Basidiomycota, Russulales) translated into a new infrageneric classification of the genus

TLDR
An extensive dataset of the genetically diverse milkcap genus Lactifluus is assembled, comprising 80 % of all known species and 30 % of the type collections, and shows that the five featured characteristics are important at different evolutionary levels, but further characteristics need to be studied to find morphological support for each clade.

Four new species of sequestrate Inocybe from Chilean Nothofagaceae forests

TLDR
Results of the phylogenetic analysis resolved the four new species of Inocybe as distinct species-level clades with strong support, suggesting that these fungi have convergently evolved sequestrate forms independently.

Two new species of Russula (Russulales) from India

TLDR
Two species: Russula shingbaensis and R. thindii are proposed here as new to science based on their morphological features and ITS-based phylogenetic tree and their relationship with allied taxa are discussed in the present paper.

Ectomycorrhizal iconoclasts: the ITS rDNA diversity and nitrophilic tendencies of fetid Russula

  • P. Avis
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Mycologia
  • 2012
TLDR
A phylogenetic analysis of ITS rDNA sequences and a meta-analysis of studies that examine ectomycorrhizal fungi response to nitrogen increase show that nitrophilic tendencies appear throughout fetid Russulas suggesting that this character is not an isolated trait within this subgenus but instead is a more general feature of the group overall.

Two new taxa of the Auriscalpium vulgare species complex with substrate preferences

TLDR
Three species, having distinct substrate preferences, are documented here, namely the well-known A. vulgare, and the newly described species A. orientale and A. microsporum, which are known mainly from subtropical East Asia and northeastern India to date.

Mystery unveiled: Diacanthodes Singer – a lineage within the core polyporoid clade

TLDR
This study revealed Diacanthodes as a member of the ‘core polyporoid’ clade within the Polyporales, and two new species from South America and Africa are revealed.

Comprehensive taxon sampling reveals unaccounted diversity and morphological plasticity in a group of dimitic polypores (Polyporales, Basidiomycota)

TLDR
The phylogeny of the poroid and hydnoid genera Antrodiella, Junghuhnia, and Steccherinum was studied utilizing sequences of the gene regions ITS, nLSU, mtSSU, atp6, rpb2, and tef1 to show that most species of these genera form a well supported clade in the Polyporales.

Characterization and identification of Russula firmula and Russula postiana from Himalayan moist temperate forests of Kashmir

TLDR
Two ectomycorrhizal species of genus Russula: Russula postiana and Russula firmula have been characterized and identified from Kashmir Himalaya using morpho-anatomical and molecular methods targeting its rDNA, and both species distinctly clustered with their respective groups.

Biodiversity and molecular ecology of Russula and Lactarius in Alaska based on soil and sporocarp DNA sequences

TLDR
The results demonstrate high diversity and strong ecological partitioning in two important ectomycorrhizal genera within a relatively small geographic region, but with implications to the expansive boreal forests.
...

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