Perspectives and problems in motor learning

@article{Wolpert2001PerspectivesAP,
  title={Perspectives and problems in motor learning},
  author={Daniel M. Wolpert and Zoubin Ghahramani and J. Randall Flanagan},
  journal={Trends in Cognitive Sciences},
  year={2001},
  volume={5},
  pages={487-494}
}
Action observation for sensorimotor learning in surgery
TLDR
The aim of this review was to examine the evidence in support of the use of action observation in surgery.
Challenge Point: A Framework for Conceptualizing the Effects of Various Practice Conditions in Motor Learning
TLDR
The authors propose that learning is related to the information arising from performance, which should be optimized along functions relating the difficulty of the task to the skill level of the performer.
A Model for the Transfer of Perceptual-Motor Skill Learning in Human Behaviors
TLDR
A preliminary model is presented that outlines the mechanisms underlying the transfer of perceptual-motor skill learning in sport and everyday tasks and how transfer occurs across a continuum, which depends on the individual's expertise and contextual variables occurring at the incidence of transfer.
Two different motor learning mechanisms contribute to learning reaching movements in a rotated visual environment
TLDR
It is suggested that adaptation to an altered environment may not be useful for training new skills, because the learning and plasticity mechanism that adapts to the altered environment is different from the learning mechanism required for improvement of motor skill.
Two different motor learning mechanisms contribute to learning reaching movements in a rotated visual environment.
TLDR
It is suggested that adaptation to an altered environment may not be useful for training new skills, because the learning and plasticity mechanism that adapts to the altered environment is different from the learning mechanism required for improvement of motor skill.
A bottom-up integration of vision and actions to create cognitive humanoids
TLDR
In recent years more and more complex humanoid robots have been developed, and there is a clear need for such robots to be able to adapt and perform certain tasks autonomously, or even learn by themselves how to act.
Motoring ahead with rodents
  • B. Ölveczky
  • Biology, Psychology
    Current Opinion in Neurobiology
  • 2011
Toward a new theory of motor synergies.
TLDR
A refined concept of synergy as a neural organization that ensures a one-to-many mapping of variables providing for both stability of important performance variables and flexibility of motor patterns to deal with possible perturbations and/or secondary tasks is proposed.
A Simple Model of Cortical Activations During Both Observation and Execution of Reach-to-Grasp Movements
TLDR
A brain based model of observational learning that explains the similarities and differences in levels of activation of brain regions during observation and execution of actions is described.
Motor Learning Without External Feedback When Testing Motor Coordination
TLDR
The results of tests were affected by the speed of motor learning and the development of motor programs that are closely linked to complex motor structures as well as to the familiarization with the test.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 79 REFERENCES
Modular features of motor control and learning
Independent learning of internal models for kinematic and dynamic control of reaching
TLDR
Separate kinematic and dynamic models were constructed simultaneously based on errors computed in different coordinate frames, and possibly, in different sensory modalities, using separate working-memory systems.
An internal model for sensorimotor integration.
TLDR
A sensorimotor integration task was investigated in which participants estimated the location of one of their hands at the end of movements made in the dark and under externally imposed forces, providing direct support for the existence of an internal model.
Internal models in the cerebellum
The motor system does not learn the dynamics of the arm by rote memorization of past experience.
TLDR
Investigating the learning mechanisms underlying motor adaptation of arm movements to externally applied perturbing forces indicates that adaptation to an externally applied force field occurs with different classes of movements including but not limited to reaching movements and generalizes across different movements that visit the same regions of the external field.
Motor learning by field approximation.
TLDR
It is found that how human subjects adapt to forces perturbing the motion of their ams is based on the capacity of the central nervous system to predict and therefore to cancel externally applied perturting forces.
Neural correlates of motor memory consolidation.
TLDR
Functional imaging of the brain demonstrates that within 6 hours after completion of practice, while performance remains unchanged, the brain engages new regions to perform the task; there is a shift from prefrontal regions of the cortex to the premotor, posterior parietal, and cerebellar cortex structures, specific to recall of an established motor skill.
Central representation of time during motor learning.
  • M. CondittF. Mussa-Ivaldi
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1999
TLDR
It is concluded that time and time-dependent dynamics are not explicitly represented within the neural structures that are responsible for motor adaptation, consistent with other investigations that conspicuously failed to find evidence for such a central clock.
Sensory control of target acquisition
...
...