Perspective as Symbolic Form

  title={Perspective as Symbolic Form},
  author={Erwin Panofsky},
Erwin Panofsky's Perspective as Symbolic Form is one of the great works of modern intellectual history, the legendary text that has dominated all art historical and philosophical discussions on the topic of perspective in this century. Finally available in English, it is an unrivaled example of Panofsky's early method that placed him within broader developments in theories of knowledge and cultural change. Here, drawing on a massive body of learning that ranges over Antique philosophy, theology… 

Could Perspective Ever be a Symbolic Form?

ABSTRACT Erwin Panofsky's essay “Perspective as Symbolic Form” from 1924 is among the most widely commented essays in twentieth-century aesthetics and was discussed with regard to art theory,

Perspective and Spatiality in the Modern Age

the domain of Art critique and becoming a philosophical argument. How can we think of Perspective as symbolic Form? Is Perspective really a symbolic form? Why is Perspective so important? Because at

Perspective, Panofsky, and the Philosophy of History

IT IS APPROXIMATELY forty years since the publication of Erwin Panofsky's book Early Netherlandish Painting-a work that can be said to have transformed scholarly thinking about this period and place

The Space of Drawing: The Place of Art in Modern Philosophy's Thinking of the Visible

In this article we engage with Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s claim as it is articulated in his famous last work, ‘Eye and Mind’, that Descartes’ account of space derived from the Renaissance art of

Perspective and Spatiality in the Modern Age The Italian Painting and the Topos of Annunciation between Art, Theology and Science

After the essay of Panofsky, Perspective as symbolic form, Perspective became a field of research, surpassing the domain of Art critique and becoming a philosophical argument. How can we think of

Topia: Landscape before Linear Perspective

Landscape is commonly deemed to be a western European Renaissance invention linked to the theorization of linear perspective as a distinctively “modern” way of looking at the world. Prompted by a

Linear Perspective and the Renaissance Lyric

  • Kimberly Johnson
  • Art
    PMLA/Publications of the Modern Language Association of America
  • 2019
As recent art historical scholarship has demonstrated, the techniques of linear perspective displace narrative (the artwork's content) in favor of the relations between aesthetic objects (the

The grammar of aesthetic intuition: on Ernst Cassirer’s concept of symbolic form in the visual arts

The paper will comment on art along both these two dimensions, but its main goal is to provide with concrete examples of aesthetic symbolic forms in the narrow sense in order to show how conceptual meaning can be inscribed in the space of aesthetic intuition.


This essay defines material and symbolic implications of linear perspective in modern architecture. First is seen as aesthetical method, which appears in architectural drawings since beginning of

Beyond nature and culture

  • P. Descola
  • Art
    HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory
  • 2012
Successor to Claude Levi-Strauss at the College de France, Philippe Descola has become one of the most important anthropologists working today, and Beyond Nature and Culture has been a major