Perspective Taking and Empathy: Does Having Similar Past Experience to Another Person Make It Easier to Take Their Perspective?

  title={Perspective Taking and Empathy: Does Having Similar Past Experience to Another Person Make It Easier to Take Their Perspective?},
  author={Adam Gerace and Andrew Day and Sharon Casey and Philip Mohr},
  journal={Journal of Relationships Research},
This study tested the hypothesis that it is easier to take the perspective of another person when one has similar past experience. Volunteer participants (N = 154) were asked to take the perspective of a protagonist in one of four problematic interpersonal situations and then to rate the ease with which they felt able to perspective take and the extent of their personal past experience of similar situations. Similar past experience predicted ease of perspective taking, with the relationship… 
‘I Think, You Think’: Understanding the Importance of Self-Reflection to the Taking of Another Person's Perspective
This article reviews current knowledge about how the tendency to reflect on personal experience is related to the tendency to take another's perspective. While it is well established that
Emotion intensity modulates perspective taking in men and women: an event-related potential study
The present study investigated the regulatory effect of emotional intensity on perspective taking in men and women by event-related potentials and suggested that women tended to overestimate the pain of HN stimuli from a self-perspective than from an other-Perspective.
The Role of Perspective-Taking on Ability to Recognize Fear
This study hypothesized that intra-individual variability in the accuracy of facial emotion recognition is linked to perspective-taking abilities in a well-characterized, non-clinical adult sample and indicated that the ability to accurately detect fear in the faces of others was positively correlated with perspective- taking, consistent with initial hypotheses.
The heart of teaching: exploring empathy, genuineness and positive regard in the adult immigrant ESL classroom
While there is a lot of evidence showing that teachers that are more effective are empathetic, genuine and have positive regard in the classroom, which in turn relates to higher achievement,
Roses by other names? Empathy, sympathy, and compassion in mental health nursing.
  • A. Gerace
  • Psychology
    International journal of mental health nursing
  • 2020
It is contended that precise definitions and understandings of empathy, sympathy, and compassion are vital, and the use of models allows researchers to consider where gaps are in current knowledge, and to identify what might be important to consider from a nurse education perspective.
An investigation of self‐efficacy crossover between mentors and protégés within mentoring dyads
The findings supported the postulation that shared experience between the protégé and mentor facilitates perspective‐taking on behalf of the protÉgés and have implications for training and developing employees.
Recognition of Collective Victimhood and Outgroup Prejudice
Groups that have experienced collective suffering are sometimes more sympathetic towards outgroups, while other times they display higher outgroup prejudice. What can account for these contradictory
Empathic processes during nurse–consumer conflict situations in psychiatric inpatient units: A qualitative study
Nurse education and mentoring should focus on nurse self-reflection and building empathy skills in managing conflict, and influences the satisfaction of nurses and consumers, even in problematic situations.


An Exploratory Investigation of the Process of Perspective Taking in Interpersonal Situations
The ability to take the perspectives of others is considered a prerequisite for effective interpersonal interaction. Despite extensive investigation into the correlates of perspective taking, there
Giving Birth to Empathy: The Effects of Similar Experience on Empathic Accuracy, Empathic Concern, and Perceived Empathy
Experiences had a much smaller effect on empathic accuracy, limited to comparisons between new-mother and never-pregnant perceivers and only for accuracy at guessing stereotypic attitudes, not individual thoughts.
Empathy Gaps in Emotional Perspective Taking
One of the hallmarks of psychological maturity is a "theory of mind" that allows one to understand that other people, particularly those in different situations, have feelings, preferences, and
ThE rOlE Of ThE SElf iN PErSPECTivE-TakiNg aNd EMPaThY: EaSE Of SElf-SiMulaTiON aS a hEuriSTiC fOr iNfErriNg EMPaThiC fEEliNgS
When judging their empathic reactions for another person, people may rely on a relatively effortless, self-based heuristic: the ease with which they can imagine themselves in the other person’s
Comment: Is Self–Other Overlap the Key to Understanding Empathy?
  • N. Eisenberg, M. Sulik
  • Psychology
    Emotion review : journal of the International Society for Research on Emotion
  • 2012
This work provides an alternative perspective to their reasoning regarding the role of experience and neural overlap in an aspect of empathy-related responding (e.g., concern or compassion) and develops a framework for tying neural and subjective overlap to various aspects of functioning they include in the construct of empathy.
Empathy with a Rape Victim: The Role of Similarity of Experience
Women who were identified as having been raped rated themselves as more empathic with, and more similar to, a rape victim patient presented on videotape than did nonrape control subjects who had been matched on level of dispositional empathy.
A Multidimensional Approach to Individual Differences in Empathy
The development of a multidimensional individual difference measure of empathy is described. The final version of the instrument consists of four seven-item subscales, each of which taps a separate
"I've Been there, Too": Effect on Empathy of Prior Experience with a Need
Prior experience with the need increased empathy among women but not among men, while reading a transcript in which a same-sex adolescent described an upsetting life experience decreased empathy among men.
Empathy as an Interpersonal Phenomenon
The purpose of this study was to find the constituents of empathizers' and targets' experiences of empathy. We analyzed 28 empathizers' and 28 targets' narrative accounts of situations when they had
The Experience of Empathy in Everyday Relationships: Cognitive and Affective Elements
In the psychological literature, empathy has been regarded as either a cognitive, an affective, or a multidimensional phenomenon and there has been much controversy about its nature. This