Personality patterns in insomnia. Theoretical implications.

@article{Kales1976PersonalityPI,
  title={Personality patterns in insomnia. Theoretical implications.},
  author={Anthony Kales and Alex B. Caldwell and Thomas Arthur Preston and Shevy Healey and Joyce D. Kales},
  journal={Archives of general psychiatry},
  year={1976},
  volume={33 9},
  pages={
          1128-24
        }
}
Subjects with a primary complaint of insomnia (N = 124) were evaluated with Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventories (MMPIs). A high percentage of subjects (85%) had one or more MMPI scales elevated to a pathological degree. The scales most elevated were, in order. 2 (depression), 7 (psychasthenia), and 3 (conversion hysteria). A striking finding was the preponderance of depression. This was indicated by the frequency in which scale 2 was elevated above 70, the frequency in which this this… 
Biopsychobehavioral Correlates of Insomnia. II. Pattern Specificity and Consistency with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
TLDR
The results of this study confirm the original hypothesis that the handling of stresses and conflicts through an internalization of emotions leads to physiologic activation and is a major factor underlying the development and maintenance of chronic insomnia.
Insomnia and Personality Trait
Personality traits in insomniac patients have been a subject of many studies. A number of these studies have used the MMPI and have demonstrated elevated scores on several clinical scales reflecting
Relationship of Psychopathology to Insomnia in the Elderly
TLDR
The results imply that although in younger persons psychopathologic disorders often are associated with insomnia, psychopathic disorders usually are not the cause of insomnia in the elderly.
Psychological characteristics of elderly insomniacs.
TLDR
Overall, elderly insomniacs scored higher on measures of worry compared with the other groups, followed by measures of somatization, obsessive-compulsion and depression, and it was concluded that excessive worrying was the most characteristic feature of elderly INSOMniacs.
Utility of Personality Measurement of Clinic Patients with Insomnia
TLDR
An assessment study examining the relationship between sleep quality and personality style in individuals presenting to a sleep clinic with symptoms of insomnia was conducted and indicated two common profiles that correspond to the presentation of insomnia symptomology.
Aspects of personality associated with irregular sleep habits in young adults.
TLDR
The present findings indicate that in young adults, personality functioning is related more closely to the regularity of nocturnal sleep routines than to differences in chronic sleep duration.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-8 OF 8 REFERENCES
Psychological and physiological differences between good and poor sleepers.
PHYSIOLOGICAL, PERSONALITY, AND EEG SLEEP PATTERNS OF 16 POOR-SLEEP GROUP (PSG) SS WERE COMPARED WITH 16 GOOD-SLEEP GROUP (GSG) SS. COMPARED WITH GOOD SLEEPERS, POOR SLEEPERS HAD LESS SLEEP TIME, A
Evening activity, sleep mentation, and subjective sleep quality.
  • P. Hauri
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1970