Personality disorders and autism spectrum disorders: what are the connections?

  title={Personality disorders and autism spectrum disorders: what are the connections?},
  author={Tove Lugneg{\aa}rd and Maria Unenge Hallerb{\"a}ck and Christopher Gillberg},
  journal={Comprehensive psychiatry},
  volume={53 4},
Asperger syndrome and schizophrenia: Psychiatric and social cognitive aspects
The phenotypes of Asperger syndrome and schizophrenia show considerable overlap regarding both social cognitive impairments and self-report of autistic traits, among young adults with a clinical diagnosis of AS, schizophrenia does not appear to be overrepresented.
Personality Pathology of Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder Without Accompanying Intellectual Impairment in Comparison to Adults With Personality Disorders
Autism spectrum disorders individuals scored significantly lower on the NEO-PI-R scales extraversion and openness to experience and significantly higher on the DAPP-BQ scales inhibitedness and compulsivity relative to all other groups.
On the Continuity Between Autistic and Schizoid Personality Disorder Trait Burden: A Prospective Study in Adolescence.
Results suggest significant amplification of schizoid PD trait burden in adolescents with ASD and ASD-specific interventions should be considered for patients with schizoids PD with premorbid histories of ASD.
Autism spectrum disorder and personality disorders: Comorbidity and differential diagnosis
ASD in high-functioning adults is associated with a distinct personality profile even if variability exists, and there were significant differences in the methodological approaches, including the ASD diagnostic instruments and personality measures.
Clinical features, developmental course, and psychiatric comorbidity of adult autism spectrum disorders
It is proposed that a careful diagnostic screening for ASDs in adults would contribute to clarifying the relationship with comorbid psychiatric disorders, while improving the possibility of treatment and outcome of such conditions.
The impact of schizotypy on quality of life among adults with autism spectrum disorder
Schizotypy was found to be associated with anxiety, depressive and autistic symptoms, and poor quality of life, and this relationship was mediated by symptoms of anxiety and depression, plausibly inherent to autism.
Social cognition in the differential diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders and personality disorders
average intelligent patients with autism spectrum disorders (aSd) and patients with personality disorders (pd) are expected to show different problems in social cognition. consequently, measuring
Comorbidity of Personality Disorders and Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)—Review of Recent Findings
Research on the developmental trajectories leading to personality disorders in adult ADHD patients might open the door for targeted interventions to prevent impairing comorbid clinical pictures.
Autism Spectrum Disorders and Coexisting Mental Health Problems
The patterns of mental disorders co-occurring with ASD could not be summarized into any consistent and easy-to-interpret model of co-morbidity, and research on ASD should consider and not rule out coexisting mental conditions.
Affect regulation in psychoanalytic treatments of patients with a borderline personality disorder – psychoanalysis and psychodynamic psychotherapy – a comparison 1328
BACKGROUND Differential diagnosis, comorbidities and overlaps with other psychiatric disorders are common among adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but clinical assessments often omit


Psychiatric comorbidity in young adults with a clinical diagnosis of Asperger syndrome.
The impact of ADHD and autism spectrum disorders on temperament, character, and personality development.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorders are associated with specific temperament configurations and an increased risk of personality disorders and deficits in character maturation.
Autism spectrum disorder and psychopathy: shared cognitive underpinnings or double hit?
The results indicate that psychopathic tendencies are not related to severity of ASD, and do not seem to be related to core autistic cognitive deficits, specifically in ‘mind-reading’ or executive function.
The Relationship of Asperger’s Characteristics and Schizotypal Personality Traits in a Non-clinical Adult Sample
The study examines the relationship between Asperger’s Disorder (AD) and Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD), mutually exclusive but similar diagnoses, and finds that the two disorders may overlap.
Autism spectrum disorder diagnoses in Stockholm preschoolers.
The Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders: background, inter-rater reliability and clinical use.
The historical background of the DISCO, its structure and the results of an inter-rater reliability study with parents of 82 children aged 3 to 11 years with autistic spectrum disorder, learning disability, language disorder or typical development are described.
Outcome in High-Functioning Adults with Autism with and Without Early Language Delays: Implications for the Differentiation Between Autism and Asperger Syndrome
  • P. Howlin
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2003
A large number of adults with autism who had shown early delays in language were compared with individuals who were reported to have had no such delays, either in their use of words or phrases, and poor performance on language tests challenges the assumption that early language development in Asperger syndrome is essentially normal.
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger Syndrome/High-Functioning Autism, Malesand Females, Scientists and Mathematicians
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient is a valuable instrument for rapidly quantifying where any given individual is situated on the continuum from autism to normality, and its potential for screening for autism spectrum conditions in adults of normal intelligence remains to be fully explored.