Personality counts: the effect of boldness on shoal choice in three-spined sticklebacks

@article{Harcourt2009PersonalityCT,
  title={Personality counts: the effect of boldness on shoal choice in three-spined sticklebacks},
  author={Jennifer L. Harcourt and Gemma Sweetman and Rufus A. Johnstone and Andrea Manica},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2009},
  volume={77},
  pages={1501-1505}
}
Boldness and Information Use in Three-Spined Sticklebacks
TLDR
Investigation of the response of three-spined stickleback to ‘social cues’, ‘local enhancement’ and ‘public information’ during foraging tasks confirms previous work suggesting that this species responds to social cues and local enhancement but not public information.
Sex-Differences and Temporal Consistency in Stickleback Fish Boldness
TLDR
Test the hypothesis that male three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) show high risk but potentially high return behaviours compared to females, and predicted that male fish would show greater exploration of their environment in a foraging context, and be caught sooner by an experimenter than females.
Shy female kangaroos seek safety in numbers and have fewer preferred friendships
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Boldness can have an important influence on the size and composition of foraging groups and thus social networks, in wild mammals, using a wild population of eastern grey kangaroos tested in their natural environment.
The Relationships between Behavioural Categories and Social Influences in the Gregarious Big Brown Bat (Eptesicus fuscus)
TLDR
It is found that Big brown bats exhibit a mean profile relatively unique to other well-documented species, where aggression was linked to increased competitive ability but not to boldness and poor body condition may be a predictor of increased social interactions.
Leaders Are More Attractive: Birds with Bigger Yellow Breast Patches Are Followed by More Group-Mates in Foraging Groups
TLDR
It is found that yellow feather ornamentation, a carotenoid-based trait, was the best predictor of leadership: birds with bigger ornaments exerted greater influence in the foraging groups and were followed by more group-mates than less elaborate individuals.
Individual sociability and choosiness between shoal types
Social decision making is influenced by size of shoal but not boldness, sociability or familiarity in Deccan mahseer (Tor khudree)
TLDR
It is found that juvenile hatchery reared mahseers reintroduced into natural habitats may shoal with invasive species and modifying their social behaviour by amending rearing practices could improve outcomes of restocking interventions.
Social decision making is influenced by size of shoal but not personality or familiarity in Deccan Mahseer (Tor khudree)
TLDR
It is found that hatchery reared mahseers which are reintroduced into natural habitats may shoal with invasive species, negatively affecting their viability, and modifying social behaviour of mahseer by amending rearing practices may be a useful strategy to improve outcomes of restocking interventions.
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References

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Correlates of boldness in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus)
TLDR
The results suggest that, contrary to some previous studies on other animals, bold or shy behaviour in sticklebacks is consistent between contexts.
Effects of nutritional state on the shoaling tendency of banded killifish, Fundulus diaphanus, in the field
TLDR
It is concluded that nutritional state seems to affect an individual's decision to continue shoaling once an association has been made, and experimentally state-dependent changes in the size of social groups in fish under field conditions are investigated.
Shoaling preferences in decapod crustacea
Shoal composition determines foraging success in the guppy
TLDR
This study highlights a possible mechanism by which interindividual variation in behavioral types is maintained in a population of guppies using an overhead fright stimulus and suggests potential foraging benefits to bold individuals through associating with shy individuals.
The influence of hunger on shoal size choice by three-spined sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus
TLDR
Single sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) were presented with a choice between a shoal and an empty compartment, and two different sized shoals of conspecifics, showing a significant trend for test fish to spend a decreasing amount of time near the compartment with the larger number of fish with increasing duration of food deprivation.
Shy-bold continuum in pumpkinseed sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus): An ecological study of a psychological trait.
TLDR
It is shown that a shy-bold continuum, which influences diet, predator risk, and parasite fauna, exists in juvenile pumpkinseed sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus), and phenotypic stability may not reflect innate tendencies to be shy or bold but rather environmental conditions that maintain differences between phenotypically plastic individuals.
In situ examination of boldness–shyness traits in the tropical poeciliid, Brachyraphis episcopi
Shoal choice in juvenile angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare): effects of social status and activity
TLDR
Results contrast with those previously found in this species when test fish preferred to aggregate with shoals of familiar subordinate conspecifics placed in small display compartments and indicate that angelfish take shoal activity into account when making a shoaling decision.
The Effect of Hunger on Shoal Choice in Golden Shiners (Pisces: Cyprinidae, Notemigonus crysoleucas)
TLDR
Results are consistent with the hypothesis that hungry fish sacrifice safety from predation in their shoaling behaviour (by avoiding larger groups to a certain extent and by risking the oddity effect) so as to decrease food competition.
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