Personality and transformational and transactional leadership: a meta-analysis.

  title={Personality and transformational and transactional leadership: a meta-analysis.},
  author={Joyce E. Bono and Timothy A. Judge},
  journal={The Journal of applied psychology},
  volume={89 5},
  • J. Bono, T. Judge
  • Published 1 October 2004
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Journal of applied psychology
This study was a meta-analysis of the relationship between personality and ratings of transformational and transactional leadership behaviors. Using the 5-factor model of personality as an organizing framework, the authors accumulated 384 correlations from 26 independent studies. Personality traits were related to 3 dimensions of transformational leadership--idealized influence-inspirational motivation (charisma), intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration--and 3 dimensions of… 
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Five-factor model of personality and transformational leadership.
  • T. Judge, J. Bono
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of applied psychology
  • 2000
Results indicated that specific facets of the Big 5 traits predicted transformational leadership less well than the general constructs and predicted a number of outcomes reflecting leader effectiveness, controlling for the effect of transactional leadership.
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