Personality and emotional memory: How regulating emotion impairs memory for emotional events

  title={Personality and emotional memory: How regulating emotion impairs memory for emotional events},
  author={J. McDowell Richards and James Jonathan Gross},
  journal={Journal of Research in Personality},

Staying Cool when Things Get Hot: Emotion Regulation Modulates Neural Mechanisms of Memory Encoding

Investigating the neural mechanisms that give rise to memory formation during emotion regulation provided neurobehavioral evidence that engaging in cognitive reappraisal is advantageous to both affective and mnemonic processes.

Expressive Suppression Tendencies, Projection Bias in Memory of Negative Emotions, and Well-Being

3 novel findings indicate that (a) current negative emotions bias memory of past emotions, (b) this memory bias is magnified for people who habitually use expressive suppression to regulate emotions, and (c)This memory bias may undermine well-being over time.

Why expressive suppression does not pay? Cognitive costs of negative emotion suppression: The mediating role of subjective tense-arousal

The aim of this paper was to contribute to a broader understanding of the cognitive consequences of expressive suppression. Specifically, we examined whether the deteriorating effect of expressive

Cognitive mechanisms underlying emotion regulation

Traditional theories of emotion have emphasised the automatic and unconscious nature of emotion generation and hence emotion regulation via antecedent and response focused strategies. Response

Emotion regulation and vulnerability to depression: spontaneous versus instructed use of emotion suppression and reappraisal.

Evidence is provided for a role for spontaneous but not instructed emotion regulation in depression vulnerability and for suppression to be ineffective for down-regulating negative emotions.

The Moderating Role of Emotion Regulation in the Recall of Negative Autobiographical Memories

The results support the maladaptive role of rumination and the adaptive influence of cognitive reappraisal on autobiographical memory and suggest that emotion regulation moderates this relationship.

Remembering the silver lining: Reappraisal and positive bias in memory for emotion

The association between reported reappraisal and memory bias was partially mediated by positive changes over time in students’ appraisals of the exam preparation experience, and reports of engaging in distraction and suppression were not associated with memory bias.



Emotion regulation and memory: the cognitive costs of keeping one's cool.

Together, these studies suggest that the cognitive costs of keeping one's cool may vary according to how this is done, and that suppression was associated with poorer self-reported and objective memory but that reappraisal was not.

Hiding feelings: the acute effects of inhibiting negative and positive emotion.

Physiologically, suppression had no effect in the neutral film, but clear effects in both negative and positive emotional films, including increased sympathetic activation of the cardiovascular system.

Composure at Any Cost? The Cognitive Consequences of Emotion Suppression

We frequently try to appear less emotional than we really are, such as when we are angry with our spouse at a dinner party, disgusted by a boss’s sexist comments during a meeting, or amused by a

The Importance of Being Flexible

Testing among New York City college students in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attacks found that subjects who were better able to enhance and suppress the expression of emotion evidenced less distress by the end of the second year.

The Self-Regulation of Moods: Second Thoughts on the Importance of Happiness in Everyday Life

How do people go about regulating their moods? This question may sound grandiose to some and silly to others. Grandiose because its answer would appear to involve speculations about a variety of

Regulating responses to anger: effects of rumination and distraction on angry mood.

In the present series of experiments, women were more likely to choose to ruminate when in a neutral mood but to distract themselves following induction of an angry mood, whereas distraction decreased or had no effect on anger.

Toward a Science of Mood Regulation

Mood is distinguished from emotion, and mood regulation is distinguished from coping. A model of mood regulation is presented which draws on principles of control theory, which distinguishes between

Chronic thought suppression.

A self-report measure of thought suppression that was inversely correlated with repression as assessed by the Repression-Sensitization Scale, and so taps a trait that is quite unlike repression as traditionally conceived.

Giving in to Feel Good: The Place of Emotion Regulation in the Context of General Self-Control

Understanding how emotion regulation is similar to and different from other self-control tasks can advance the understanding of emotion regulation. Emotion regulation has many similarities to other

The social consequences of expressive suppression.

The authors' analysis suggests that expressive suppression should disrupt communication and increase stress levels during social interactions, and this hypothesis was tested in unacquainted pairs of women.