Personal stigma in schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a systematic review of prevalence rates, correlates, impact and interventions

@article{Gerlinger2013PersonalSI,
  title={Personal stigma in schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a systematic review of prevalence rates, correlates, impact and interventions},
  author={G. Gerlinger and M. Hauser and M. Hert and K. Lacluyse and M. Wampers and C. Correll},
  journal={World Psychiatry},
  year={2013},
  volume={12}
}
A systematic electronic PubMed, Medline and Web of Science database search was conducted regarding the prevalence, correlates, and effects of personal stigma (i.e., perceived and experienced stigmatization and self‐stigma) in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Of 54 studies (n=5,871), published from 1994 to 2011, 23 (42.6%) reported on prevalence rates, and 44 (81.5%) reported on correlates and/or consequences of perceived or experienced stigmatization or self‐stigma. Only two… Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
A significant proportion of patients with schizophrenia experience stigma and stigma is associated with lower level of functioning and better knowledge about illness is related with lowerlevel of stigma. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
For the schizophrenia group, only self-stigma significantly contributed to a stronger stigma impact, and in the affective group, a more severe impact of stigma was significantly predicted by inpatient status and experienced stigma. Expand
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TLDR
Self-stigma and subjective medication side effects perception represent a relevant issue in patients' life and should be carefully taken into account in clinical practice. Expand
Therapeutic intervention for internalized stigma of severe mental illness: A systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
Most internalized stigma reduction programs appear to be effective although psychoeducation seems most promising, and more Randomized Controlled Trials on particular intervention components using standard outcome measures are recommended in future studies. Expand
Self-stigma and schizophrenia: a cross-sectional study
TLDR
Outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, who have undergone a higher number of psychiatric hospitalizations, who dispose of a higher severity of the disorder and show a higher discrepancy between their rating of the severity and the psychiatric rating, showed a greater degree of self-stigma. Expand
Interventions to Reduce Internalized Stigma in individuals with Mental Illness: A Systematic Review
TLDR
It is concluded that there are effective interventions aimed at reducing internalized stigma, with psychoeducational interventions on stigma and multicomponent interventions showing the best results. Expand
Stigma experienced by patients with severe mental disorders: A nationwide multicentric study from India
TLDR
Compared to affective disorder, patients with schizophrenia experience higher self stigma, and stigma intervention programs must focus on patients during the initial phase of illness in order to reduce the negative consequences of stigma. Expand
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