Personal exposure to fine particles and benzo[a]pyrene. Relation with indoor and outdoor concentrations of these pollutants in Kraków.

  title={Personal exposure to fine particles and benzo[a]pyrene. Relation with indoor and outdoor concentrations of these pollutants in Krak{\'o}w.},
  author={Wiesław A. Jędrychowski and Agnieszka Pac and Hyunok Choi and Ryszard Jacek and Elżbieta Sochacka-Tatara and Thomas S Dumyahn and John D. Spengler and David E. Camann and Frederica P. Perera},
  journal={International journal of occupational medicine and environmental health},
  volume={20 4},
OBJECTIVES This study assessed personal exposure of pregnant women to fine particles (PM(25)) and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and the relationship between pollutant concentrations in ambient and indoor air. MATERIALS AND METHODS In a group of 78 pregnant women, simultaneous 48 h measurements of personal, indoor, and outdoor exposure to PM(25) and B[a]P were carried out in the second trimester of pregnancy. The results show that participants were exposed to varying concentrations of PM(25) and B[a… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Estimating Individual-Level Exposure to Airborne Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons throughout the Gestational Period Based on Personal, Indoor, and Outdoor Monitoring

A random effects model demonstrated that mean personal exposure at a given gestational period depends on the season, residence location, and ETS, and most women in the study were exposed to outdoor-originating PAHs within the indoor setting.

Personal exposure to carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Czech Republic

Outdoor concentration, environmental tobacco smoke exposure, home heating fuel of coal, wood or gas, frequency of exhaust fan use, cooking and commuting by a car to be the main determinants of personal exposure.

Maternal exposure to carbon monoxide and fine particulate matter during pregnancy in an urban Tanzanian cohort

PM2.5 was not significantly associated with birth length or head circumference nor were CO exposures associated with newborn anthropometrics, contributing to the evidence that exposure to household air pollution, and specifically fine particulate matter, may adversely affect birthweight.

Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and newborn biometric indicators.

Prenatal exposures to PAH adversely influence foetal development including child weight, length, head and chest circumference, and tobacco smoking is the important source of PAH.

Prenatal Exposure to Airborne Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Children’s Intelligence at 5 Years of Age in a Prospective Cohort Study in Poland

Pregnant exposure to airborne PAHs adversely affects children’s cognitive development by 5 years of age, with potential implications for school performance, consistent with a recent finding in a parallel cohort in New York City.

The interactive toxicity of benzo(a)pyrene and ultraviolet radiation : an in vitro investigation

It was shown that mammalian (CHO-Kl) and fish cells (EPCAl and RTG-2) exhibited similar sensitivities to chemicals with different modes of action i.e. clastogenic ethyl methansulphonate (EMS) and aneugenic colchicine (COL) and that mammalian cells irradiated with UVB displayed a significant increase in cytotoxicity (NRR) and DNA damage (comet assay).



Determination of environmental reference concentration of six PAHs in urban areas (Pavia, Italy).

Personal Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter in Elderly Subjects: Relation between Personal, Indoor, and Outdoor Concentrations

The findings of this study provide further support for using fixed-site measurements as a measure of exposure to PM2.5 in epidemiological time-series studies.

Personal exposure to airborne particles and metals: results from the Particle TEAM study in Riverside, California.

The PTEAM Study was the first large-scale probability-based study of personal exposure to particles, suggesting the existence of excess mass near the person, a "personal cloud" that appeared related to personal activities.

Particulate matter and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in indoor and outdoor microenvironments in Boston, Massachusetts

Using Linear Mixed Effects models with AR-1 autoregressive correlation structures, 10-min average outdoor concentrations were generally weak predictors of indoor levels, with stronger relationships in an apartment without mechanical ventilation than in air-conditioned nonresidential settings.

Factors Affecting the Association between Ambient Concentrations and Personal Exposures to Particles and Gases

Results suggest that ventilation may be an important modifier of the magnitude of effect in time-series health studies, and results from time- series health studies based on 24-hr ambient concentrations are more readily interpretable for particles than for gases.

Cancer risk assessment, indicators, and guidelines for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the ambient air.

Fluoranthene is an important volatile PAH because it occurs at high concentrations in ambient air and because it is an experimental carcinogen in certain test systems, and a tentative guideline value of 2 ng/m(3) is suggested for fluoranthene.

Personal exposure to respirable particulates and sulfates.

Over the large range of outdoor concentrations measured, a limited sample showed that, mean personal exposure for each city was related to the mean outdoor levels for the city, however, individuals have markedly different exposures based on their activities.

Inhalation studies with benzo[a]pyrene in Syrian golden hamsters.

Groups of Syrian golden hamsters exposed by inhalation to benzo[a]pyrene in concentrations of 2.2, 9.5, and 45.6 mg/m3 air found no neoplastic response, and exposure-related neoplasms were found in the nasal cavity, larynx, pharynX, esophagus, and forestomach.