Personal bankruptcy after traumatic brain or spinal cord injury: the role of medical debt.

  title={Personal bankruptcy after traumatic brain or spinal cord injury: the role of medical debt.},
  author={Annemarie Relyea-Chew and William Hollingworth and Leighton Chan and Bryan A. Comstock and Karen A. Overstreet and Jeffrey G. Jarvik},
  journal={Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation},
  volume={90 3},

Traumatic Brain Injury and the Risk for Subsequent Crime Perpetration

TBI survivors do not appear to be at increased risk for criminality compared with injured individuals without TBI, however, injured persons with or with TBI may be at elevated risk of crime perpetration compared with those who are uninjured.

Socioeconomic outcomes following spinal cord injury and the role of no-fault compensation: longitudinal study

The findings that most people retained their economic status and that return to work was relatively high appear to be due to the proportion entitled to the ACC no-fault compensation scheme for injury; with earnings-related compensation, a focus on rehabilitation to work and non-means-tested support services should mitigate against the downward spiral into poverty and further ill-health.

Economic impact of traumatic spinal cord injuries in the United States

The authors will also examine the costs of acute emergency room surgical care such as American spinal injury association grade, hospital length of stay, as well as the timing delay between injury and surgical decompression.

Financial capacity following traumatic brain injury: a six-month longitudinal study.

Investigation of financial capacity following traumatic brain injury indicates improvement of both simple and complex financial skills over a 6-month period, but continued impairment on more complexfinancial skills.

Association between Spinal Cord Injury and Alcohol Dependence: A Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study

The incidence of alcohol dependence increased after the occurrence of SCI and was also related to age, sex, monthly income, comorbidities, and psychiatric problems, while the injury level did not affect the incidence ofalcohol dependence after SCI.

Cured into Destitution: Catastrophic Health Expenditure Risk Among Uninsured Trauma Patients in the United States

This analysis is the first application of CHE to a US trauma population and will be an important measure to evaluate the effectiveness of health care and coverage strategies to improve financial risk protection.

Financial Hardship After Traumatic Injury: Risk Factors and Drivers of Out-of-Pocket Health Expenses.

Return to work after traumatic brain injury: a cohort comparison study and feasibility economic analysis

As returning to work is a cost effective outcome for individuals and society, this study justifies the need for further investigation of this TBI VR intervention and describes the content of the specialist intervention.

Disparities in Medical Debt Among U.S. Adults with Serious Psychological Distress

The findings suggest that odds of medical debt are higher among people with SPD, even when insured, and additional health policy initiatives to address medical debt among those with SPD may be warranted.

What is a ‘return to work’ following traumatic brain injury? Analysis of work outcomes 12 months post TBI

This study highlights the heterogeneity of work post-TBI, suggesting that those with high health-related quality of life, anxiety and functional ability were more likely to achieve complete return to work.



The Risk of Bankruptcy Before and After Brain or Spinal Cord Injury: A Glimpse of the Iceberg's Tip

There is an increase in bankruptcy postinjury, most evident in Medicaid patients, and better rehabilitation, workforce reintegration, and disability programs might reduce bankruptcyPostinjury.

Financial and vocational outcomes 1 year after traumatic brain injury.

Financial and vocational outcomes among persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in terms of employment status, earned and private income, and public assistance received at the time of injury and at 1 year after injury are characterized.

Workers' risk of unemployment after traumatic brain injury: A normed comparison

After accounting for underlying risk of unemployment in the general population, unemployment is substantially higher after TBI for people who were employed when they were injured, with similar results for gender, severity of injury, and early neuropsychological and functional status.

Marital stability after brain injury: an investigation and analysis.

Research findings do not support contentions that persons with brain injury are at greater risk for divorce relative to the general population and do not suggest that males are more likely to leave injured female partners.

The financial trauma of head injury.

The financial impact of head injury is varied in both source and in amount, though for many the cost is overwhelming, and mean reduction of income for the head-injured person and for the family is examined.

Functional outcome after blunt and penetrating carotid artery injuries: analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank.

Blunt CAI is associated with more severe functional disability at discharge than penetrating CAI and even when compared with a similarly injured control group, blunt CAI results in significant additional severe functional disabilities in feeding, expression, and locomotion.

Race, employment, and spinal cord injury.

Illness and Injury as Contributors to Bankruptcy

To investigate medical contributors to bankruptcy, 1,771 personal bankruptcy filers in five federal courts and subsequently completed in-depth interviews with 931 of them indicated that 1.9-2.2 million Americans (filers plus dependents) experienced medical bankruptcy.

An overview of the injury severity score and the new injury severity score

The findings suggest that for statistical or analytical purposes the ISS or NISS should not be considered a continuous variable, particularly if ISS/NISS is treated as a continuous Variable for correlation with an outcome measure.