Personal and Psychosocial Predictors of Doping Use in Physical Activity Settings: A Meta-Analysis

@article{Ntoumanis2014PersonalAP,
  title={Personal and Psychosocial Predictors of Doping Use in Physical Activity Settings: A Meta-Analysis},
  author={N. Ntoumanis and J. Ng and V. Barkoukis and S. Backhouse},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={2014},
  volume={44},
  pages={1603-1624}
}
BackgroundThere is a growing body of empirical evidence on demographic and psychosocial predictors of doping intentions and behaviors utilizing a variety of variables and conceptual models. [...] Key Method We identified 63 independent datasets.Study Appraisal and Synthesis MethodStudy information was extracted by using predefined data fields and taking into account study quality indicators.Expand
Psychosocial Factors and Performance Enhancing Substances in Gym Users : A Systematic
e use of performance-enhancing substances (PES) occurs among gym/€tness center users. is systematic review aimed to analyze studies describing prevalence, attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge, asExpand
Performance-enhancing substance use in university students: motives, attitudes, and differences in normative beliefs
Abstract Research investigating the use of performance-enhancing substances (PES) in recreational sports is underrepresented. Studies examining this specific group are needed to elucidate prevalenceExpand
Predictors of doping intentions, susceptibility, and behaviour of elite athletes: a meta-analytic review
TLDR
This critical review aims to summarize studies that identified predictors of doping intentions, susceptibility, and behaviour in elite athletes and to analyse in how far previous research included aspects beyond athlete-centred approaches, such as context and sporting culture. Expand
Determinants of the Intention to Use Performance-Enhancing Substances Among Portuguese Gym Users
TLDR
Results showed a significant association between self-reported PES use and intentions to use, and the predictive model was invariant across genders; however, compared to males, females believed less in the performance-enhancing effects of PES, were less prone to the influence of significant others, and had weaker intentions toUse these substances. Expand
Changing attitudes and intentions related to doping: An analysis of individual differences in need for cognition
TLDR
Examination of how individual differences in Need for Cognition influenced doping-related attitude change and subsequent behavioural intentions showed that high- NC participants showed greater attitude-intention correspondence than low-NC participants, as predicted. Expand
High-level athletes’ motivation for sport and susceptibility to doping: The mediating role of eating behaviours
TLDR
The findings enrich the theoretical understanding of how the SDT approach to motivation for sport might provide insight into the susceptibility to doping; that is, through the potential mediating role of healthy eating behaviours. Expand
The Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS) reached ‘adulthood’: Lessons and recommendations from a systematic review and meta-analysis
Abstract Doping is an omnipresent issue in both professional and amateur sports. Advances in social science research, including studies on doping attitude, have played a pivotal role in developing anExpand
Self-Regulatory Mechanisms of Doping Intentions in Elite Athletes: The Role of Self-Determined Motivation in Sport
Objective: Although research on the personal and psychosocial predictors of doping has been extensive, the factors related to the socio-cognitive self-regulatory mechanisms of doping remainExpand
Young athletes' awareness and monitoring of anti‐doping in daily life: Does motivation matter?
TLDR
SDT may help understand the motivational processes of the prevention of unintentional doping in sport, and indicated that autonomous motivation was more predictive to doping intention for athletes with low controlled motivation. Expand
Doping Use in High-School Students: Measuring Attitudes, Self-Efficacy, and Moral Disengagement Across Genders and Countries
TLDR
The results of a structural equation modeling supported the hypothesis that the proposed model predicted students’ intentions to use doping, thus generally confirming the criterion and the predictive validity of the measures. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 131 REFERENCES
The contribution of interpersonal appraisals to a social-cognitive analysis of adolescents' doping use
Abstract Objectives The study aimed at extending the general finding from prior research, that adolescents' intentions to use and actual use of doping substances are influenced by a set of beliefsExpand
Predictors of doping intentions in elite-level athletes: a social cognition approach.
TLDR
An integrated social cognition model was used to examine the predictors of doping intentions and a normative process was identified whereby situational temptation mediated the effects of normative beliefs on intentions. Expand
Incongruence in Doping Related Attitudes, Beliefs and Opinions in the Context of Discordant Behavioural Data: In Which Measure Do We Trust?
TLDR
This study provides further evidence that both self- Reports on behaviour and social cognitive measures could be affected by some form of response bias, and can question the validity of self-reports, with reliability remaining unaffected. Expand
The social-cognitive mechanisms regulating adolescents' use of doping substances
TLDR
Analysis of the data showed that adolescents' intention to use doping substances increased with stronger attitudes about doping, stronger beliefs that significant others would approve of their use, a stronger conviction that doping use can be justified, and a lowered capacity to resist situational pressure or personal desires. Expand
Motivational and social cognitive predictors of doping intentions in elite sports: An integrated approach
TLDR
An integrative theoretical model was implemented to assess the direct and indirect effects of motivational variables, moral orientations, and social cognitions on doping intentions in elite athletes and found sportspersonship (moral) orientations were relevant to doping intentions among athletes with no prior experiences with doping. Expand
Using the prototype willingness model to predict doping in sport
TLDR
Past doping, attitudes, and favorability of performance enhancing substance user prototypes were the strongest unique predictors of willingness to dope. Expand
Social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users.
TLDR
The results of this study indicate that users attribute advantages to performance-enhancing drugs and are inclined to overlook the risks of using them, and preventive interventions should focus on influencing personal norms and social processes. Expand
Predictors of the Use of Performance-Enhancing Substances by Young Athletes
TLDR
Results suggest that the athlete's psychosocial environment has a significant impact on the decision to use PES and support the need to integrate this factor into the development and implementation of prevention interventions. Expand
Beliefs about the causes of success in sports and susceptibility for doping use in adolescent athletes
TLDR
Only deception emerged as a significant predictor of doping use susceptibility over and above the effects of well-established social–cognitive predictors of doping intentions and use. Expand
Factors associated with adolescent use of doping agents: anabolic-androgenic steroids.
AIMS The purpose was to assess the importance of risk factors such as socio-demographics, sports activities, tobacco use, alcohol consumption, use of certain psychotropic substances and violence inExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...