Person versus process praise and criticism: implications for contingent self-worth and coping.

@article{Kamins1999PersonVP,
  title={Person versus process praise and criticism: implications for contingent self-worth and coping.},
  author={Michael Kamins and Carol S. Dweck},
  journal={Developmental psychology},
  year={1999},
  volume={35 3},
  pages={835-47}
}
Conventional wisdom suggests that praising a child as a whole or praising his or her traits is beneficial. Two studies tested the hypothesis that both criticism and praise that conveyed person or trait judgments could send a message of contingent worth and undermine subsequent coping. In Study 1, 67 children (ages 5-6 years) role-played tasks involving a setback and received 1 of 3 forms of criticism after each task: person, outcome, or process criticism. In Study 2, 64 children role-played… CONTINUE READING
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