Micturition disorders were studied retrospectively in a series of 165 children over a period of 15 years. Among patients without lesions of the upper tract at the time of diagnosis (group A, n = 131), 18 (14%) had persistent nocturnal and diurnal enuresis: one urethral stenosis and six vesicoureteric reflux required surgery; three experienced persistent pollakiuria and enuresis. Among patients with upper urinary tract damage at the time of diagnosis (group B, n = 34), seven presented with recurrent urinary tract infection, five with nocturnal and diurnal enuresis and three with urolithiasis. In the long term, only 52% of them had normal renal function and two were successfully transplanted. Micturition disorders following treatment of posterior urethral valves are frequent and usually related to the so-called valve bladder syndrome. Iatrogenic complications and mortality rate have dramatically decreased during the recent years but long-term renal function impairment remains the most critical problem.