Persistent toxic substance inputs to the river Seine basin (France) via atmospheric deposition and urban sludge application.

@article{Blanchard2007PersistentTS,
  title={Persistent toxic substance inputs to the river Seine basin (France) via atmospheric deposition and urban sludge application.},
  author={Martine Blanchard and M J Teil and Emmanuel Guigon and K Larcher-Tiphagne and Donatienne Ollivon and Brigitte Garban and Marc Chevreuil},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},
  year={2007},
  volume={375 1-3},
  pages={232-43}
}
Paris constitutes a major direct and indirect source of persistent toxic substances (PTS) to the river Seine, its tributaries and its basin, by atmospheric depositions and sewage sludge land-filling. The contaminant cycle and transfer pathways were investigated from 1999 to 2003 at local and inter regional scales in order to determine the respective importance of the main input and diffusion processes (wastewater, rainwater and runoff) from urban to rural areas. Paris constitutes an atmospheric… CONTINUE READING