Persistent organic pollutants in source-separated compost and its feedstock materials--a review of field studies.

@article{Brndli2005PersistentOP,
  title={Persistent organic pollutants in source-separated compost and its feedstock materials--a review of field studies.},
  author={Rahel C Br{\"a}ndli and Thomas D Bucheli and Thomas Kupper and Reinhard Furrer and Franz X Stadelmann and Joseph Tarradellas},
  journal={Journal of environmental quality},
  year={2005},
  volume={34 3},
  pages={735-60}
}
Composting and the application of compost to the soil follow the principle of recycling and sustainability. Compost can also have a positive effect on physical, chemical, and biological soil parameters. However, little is known about the origin, concentration, and transformation of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in compost. We therefore compiled literature data on some priority POPs in compost and its main feedstock materials from more than 60 reports. Our data evaluation suggests the… CONTINUE READING

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First , median concentrations of Sigma 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAHs ) , Sigma 6 polychlorinated biphenyls ( PCBs ) , and Sigma 17 polychlorinated dibenzo - p - dioxins and -furans ( PCDD / Fs ) were higher in green waste ( 1803 , 15.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.5 ng international toxicity equivalent [ I - TEQ]/kg dry wt . ) than in organic household waste ( 635 , 14.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.2 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) and kitchen waste ( not available [ NA ] , 14.9 microg / kg dry wt . , 0.4 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) .
First , median concentrations of Sigma 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAHs ) , Sigma 6 polychlorinated biphenyls ( PCBs ) , and Sigma 17 polychlorinated dibenzo - p - dioxins and -furans ( PCDD / Fs ) were higher in green waste ( 1803 , 15.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.5 ng international toxicity equivalent [ I - TEQ]/kg dry wt . ) than in organic household waste ( 635 , 14.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.2 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) and kitchen waste ( not available [ NA ] , 14.9 microg / kg dry wt . , 0.4 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) .
First , median concentrations of Sigma 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAHs ) , Sigma 6 polychlorinated biphenyls ( PCBs ) , and Sigma 17 polychlorinated dibenzo - p - dioxins and -furans ( PCDD / Fs ) were higher in green waste ( 1803 , 15.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.5 ng international toxicity equivalent [ I - TEQ]/kg dry wt . ) than in organic household waste ( 635 , 14.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.2 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) and kitchen waste ( not available [ NA ] , 14.9 microg / kg dry wt . , 0.4 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) .
First , median concentrations of Sigma 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAHs ) , Sigma 6 polychlorinated biphenyls ( PCBs ) , and Sigma 17 polychlorinated dibenzo - p - dioxins and -furans ( PCDD / Fs ) were higher in green waste ( 1803 , 15.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.5 ng international toxicity equivalent [ I - TEQ]/kg dry wt . ) than in organic household waste ( 635 , 14.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.2 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) and kitchen waste ( not available [ NA ] , 14.9 microg / kg dry wt . , 0.4 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) .
First , median concentrations of Sigma 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAHs ) , Sigma 6 polychlorinated biphenyls ( PCBs ) , and Sigma 17 polychlorinated dibenzo - p - dioxins and -furans ( PCDD / Fs ) were higher in green waste ( 1803 , 15.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.5 ng international toxicity equivalent [ I - TEQ]/kg dry wt . ) than in organic household waste ( 635 , 14.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.2 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) and kitchen waste ( not available [ NA ] , 14.9 microg / kg dry wt . , 0.4 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) .
First , median concentrations of Sigma 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAHs ) , Sigma 6 polychlorinated biphenyls ( PCBs ) , and Sigma 17 polychlorinated dibenzo - p - dioxins and -furans ( PCDD / Fs ) were higher in green waste ( 1803 , 15.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.5 ng international toxicity equivalent [ I - TEQ]/kg dry wt . ) than in organic household waste ( 635 , 14.6 microg / kg dry wt . , and 2.2 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) and kitchen waste ( not available [ NA ] , 14.9 microg / kg dry wt . , 0.4 ng I - TEQ / kg dry wt . ) .
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