Persistent high self-focus after failure and low self-focus after success: the depressive self-focusing style.

@article{Greenberg1986PersistentHS,
  title={Persistent high self-focus after failure and low self-focus after success: the depressive self-focusing style.},
  author={Jeff D Greenberg and Tom Pyszczynski},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1986},
  volume={50 5},
  pages={1039-44}
}
Two studies were conducted to assess the spontaneous self-focusing tendencies of depressed and nondepressed individuals after success and failure. Based on a self-regulatory perseveration theory of depression, it was expected that depressed individuals would be especially high in self-focus after failure and low in self-focus after success. The results of Experiment 1 suggested that immediately after an outcome, both depressed and nondepressed individuals are more self-focused after failure… CONTINUE READING

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