Persistent Solar Influence on North Atlantic Climate During the Holocene

  title={Persistent Solar Influence on North Atlantic Climate During the Holocene},
  author={Gerard C. Bond and Bernd Kromer and Juerg Beer and Raimund Muscheler and Michael Neil Evans and William J. Showers and Sharon S. Hoffmann and Rusty Lotti-Bond and I. Hajdas and Georges Bonani},
  pages={2130 - 2136}
Surface winds and surface ocean hydrography in the subpolar North Atlantic appear to have been influenced by variations in solar output through the entire Holocene. The evidence comes from a close correlation between inferred changes in production rates of the cosmogenic nuclides carbon-14 and beryllium-10 and centennial to millennial time scale changes in proxies of drift ice measured in deep-sea sediment cores. A solar forcing mechanism therefore may underlie at least the Holocene segment of… 
Cyclic Variation and Solar Forcing of Holocene Climate in the Alaskan Subarctic
High-resolution analyses of lake sediment from southwestern Alaska reveal cyclic variations in climate and ecosystems during the Holocene. These variations occurred with periodicities similar to
Multicentennial-scale hydrological changes in the Black Sea and northern Red Sea during the Holocene and the Arctic/North Atlantic Oscillation
[1] Paleoenvironmental proxy data for ocean properties, eolian sediment input, and continental rainfall based on high-resolution analyses of sediment cores from the southwestern Black Sea and the
Solar forcing of Holocene summer sea-surface temperatures in the northern North Atlantic
Mounting evidence from proxy records suggests that variations in solar activity have played a significant role in triggering past climate changes. However, the mechanisms for sun-climate links remain
Holocene loess deposition in Iceland: Evidence for millennial-scale atmosphere-ocean coupling in the North Atlantic
We present the first detailed record of Holocene climate variation from Icelandic eolian soil deposits. Seven cold and windy episodes occurred in Iceland during the past 10 k.y., including the
Arctic/North Atlantic Oscillation signature in Holocene sea surface temperature trends as obtained from alkenone data
The variability in alkenone‐derived sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the North Atlantic realm shows that a continuous SST decrease in the northeast Atlantic from the early to the late Holocene was
Persistent influence of the North Atlantic hydrography on central European winter temperature during the last 9000 years
A prominent feature of the N. Atlantic's Holocene climate is a series of centennial and millennial shifts in ocean surface hydrography (Bond et al., 2001; Oppo et al., 2003). Here, we compare a
North Atlantic ecosystem sensitivity to Holocene shifts in Meridional Overturning Circulation
Rapid changes in North Atlantic climate over the last millennia were driven by coupled sea surface/atmospheric processes and rates of deep water formation. Holocene climate changes, however, remain
A high‐resolution study of Holocene paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic changes in the Nordic Seas
[1] High-resolution records from IMAGES core MD95-2011 in the eastern Norwegian Sea provide evidence for relatively large- and small-scale high-latitude climate variability throughout the Holocene.
The control of the tropical North Atlantic on Holocene millennial climate oscillations
Changes in ocean dynamics in the northern North Atlantic affect the thermohaline circulation that controls global climate. During glacial and deglaciation periods these dynamics are enhanced due to
Holocene climate variability of the Norwegian Atlantic Current during high and low solar insolation forcing
[1] A high-resolution sediment core from the Voring Plateau has been studied to document the centennial to millennial variability of the surface water conditions during the Holocene Climate Optimum


Eight centuries of north atlantic ocean atmosphere variability
A high-resolution study of Caribbean sediments provides a subdecadally resolved record of tropical upwelling and trade wind variability spanning the past 825 years, confirming the importance of a decadal mode of Atlantic variability believed to be driven by coupled tropical ocean-atmosphere dynamics.
A Pervasive Millennial-Scale Cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and Glacial Climates
Evidence from North Atlantic deep sea cores reveals that abrupt shifts punctuated what is conventionally thought to have been a relatively stable Holocene climate. During each of these episodes,
Holocene climatic instability: A prominent, widespread event 8200 yr ago
The most prominent Holocene climatic event in Greenland ice-core proxies, with approximately half the amplitude of the Younger Dryas, occurred ∼8000 to 8400 yr ago. This Holocene event affected
Slope water current over the laurentian fan on interannual to millennial time scales
P Paleoceanographic data from the Laurentian Fan reveal that surface slope waters north of the Gulf Stream experienced warming during the Little Ice Age of the 16th to 19th centuries and support the notion of an NAO-driven coupled system.
Coherent high- and low-latitude climate variability during the holocene warm period
A faunal record of sea-surface temperature (SST) variations off West Africa documents a series of abrupt, millennial-scale cooling events, which punctuated the Holocene warm period, documenting a strong, in-phase link between millennial- scale variations in high- and low-latitude climate during the Hololithic.
Solar Forcing of Regional Climate Change During the Maunder Minimum
In the model, these occur primarily through a forced shift toward the low index state of the Arctic Oscillation/North Atlantic Oscillations as solar irradiance decreases, which leads to colder temperatures over the Northern Hemisphere continents, especially in winter.
Holocene periodicity in North Atlantic climate and deep-ocean flow south of Iceland
Climate fluctuations during the past millennium are relatively well documented. On a longer timescale, there is growing evidence of millennial-scale variability of Holocene climate, at periodicities
The Little Ice Age and Medieval Warm Period in the Sargasso Sea
  • L. Keigwin
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1996
Sea surface temperature (SST), salinity, and flux of terrigenous material oscillated on millennial time scales in the Pleistocene North Atlantic, but there are few records of Holocene variability.
Deglacial meltwater discharge, North Atlantic Deep Circulation, and abrupt climate change
High-resolution paleogeochemical data from the North Atlantic Ocean indicate that in the interval 15,000 to 10,000 14C years before present (B.P.) North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) production was
Little Ice Age clearly recorded in northern Greenland ice cores
Four ice cores drilled in the little investigated area of northern and northeastern Greenland were evaluated for their isotopic (δ18O) and chemical content. From these rather uniform records a stable