Persistence of Pristine Deep-Sea Coral Gardens in the Mediterranean Sea (SW Sardinia)

  title={Persistence of Pristine Deep-Sea Coral Gardens in the Mediterranean Sea (SW Sardinia)},
  author={M. Bo and G. Bavestrello and M. Angiolillo and L. Calcagnile and S. Canese and R. Cannas and A. Cau and M. D’Elia and F. D’Oriano and M. C. Follesa and G. Quarta},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
Leiopathes glaberrima is a tall arborescent black coral species structuring important facies of the deep-sea rocky bottoms of the Mediterranean Sea that are severely stifled by fishing activities. At present, however, no morphological in vivo description, ecological characterization, age dating and evaluation of the possible conservation actions have ever been made for any population of this species in the basin. A dense coral population was reported during two Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV… Expand
Occurrence and distribution of the coral Dendrophyllia ramea in Cyprus insular shelf: Environmental setting and anthropogenic impacts
Abstract Occurrence and abundance of deep-water corals in the Levantine Mediterranean Sea is still largely unknown. This is the first attempt to quantitatively describe a Dendrophyllia rameaExpand
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The pink sea fan Eunicella verrucosa (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Alcyonacea) can form coral forests at mesophotic depths in the Mediterranean Sea. Despite the recognized importance of these habitats, theyExpand
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In the Mediterranean Sea, gorgonians are among the main habitat‐forming species of benthic communities on the continental shelf and slope, playing an important ecological role in coral gardens. InExpand
Deep Gorgonians and Corals of the Mediterranean Sea
Recent studies, carried out by means of innovative technological tools as remotely oper‐ ated vehicles (ROVs), have highlighted the richness of the Mediterranean deep‐sea environments, characterizedExpand
Spatial distribution of the black coral Leiopathes glaberrima (Esper, 1788) (Antipatharia: Leiopathidae) in the Mediterranean: a prerequisite for protection of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems (VMEs)
Abstract Leiopathes glaberrima is an important component of the deep coral forests of the Mediterranean Sea enhancing benthic biodiversity and forming an essential habitat for many marine organisms.Expand
Habitat suitability mapping of the black coral Leiopathes glaberrima to support conservation of vulnerable marine ecosystems
Predicting the spatial distribution of vulnerable deep water corals in relation to the environmental factors in the Mediterranean Sea provides an important background for marine spatial planning especially for prioritizing areas for the conservation of VMEs. Expand
14 Taxonomy, Genetics and Biodiversity of Mediterranean Deep-Sea Corals and Cold-Water Corals
Within the Mediterranean basin there are 82 species of deep-sea corals belonging to six orders of the phylum Cnidaria (Antipatharia, Scleractinia, Zoantharia, Alcyonacea, Pennatulacea andExpand
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Antipathella subpinnata (Ellis and Solander 1786) is one of the most frequently observed black corals at mesophotic depths (60–200 m) of the Mediterranean Sea, particularly in the northwestern partExpand


The coral assemblages of an off-shore deep Mediterranean rocky bank (NW Sicily, Italy)
In this study we characterized the deep assemblages dwelling at 200–250 m depth on a large shoal off Capo St. Vito Promontory (Northwestern coast of Sicily, South Tyrrhenian Sea) by means ofExpand
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Effects of deep-water coral banks on the abundance and size structure of the megafauna in the Mediterranean Sea
Abstract The Santa Maria di Leuca (SML) coral banks represent a rare example of living Lophelia-Madrepora -bearing coral mounds in the Mediterranean Sea. They are located between 350 and 1100 m inExpand
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The forests of P. larix of Montecristo represent a unique case for the exceptional abundance of the colonies and their distribution in discrete patches, which may suggest a preference for topographic structures subjected to local turbulent hydrographic regimes which are known to support filter-feeding communities. Expand
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The data confirmed that the measures enacted in the Sardinian regulations provide for an adequate management of this resource and, in addition, can represent a guideline for other countries that still lack a valid management plan. Expand
Ecological Shifts in Mediterranean Coralligenous Assemblages Related to Gorgonian Forest Loss
The gorgonian disappearances may cause a shift from assemblage characterised by crustose coralline algae to filamentous algae assemblages, decreasing complexity and resilience of coralligenous bioconstructions. Expand
Effects of trawling on fish and invertebrates from deep-sea coral facies of Isidella elongata in the western Mediterranean
  • F. Maynou, J. Cartes
  • Biology
  • Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • 2011
It is shown that species richness of invertebrates and crustaceans, as well as abundance and biomass of crustacean is higher in areas with large stands of the coral, particularly the red shrimps Aristeus antennatus (Risso, 1816) and Plesionika martia (A. Milne Edwards, 1883). Expand
Coral assemblage off the Calabrian Coast (South Italy) with new observations on living colonies of Antipathes dichotoma
This finding of a small population of the black coral Antipathes dichotoma in the deep waters off the Calabrian coast completes the systematic picture of the oldest-described antipatharian species, giving an account of the living colonies and polyps, their cnidome and the habitat of the species. Expand
Deep Coral Oases in the South Tyrrhenian Sea
The recorded coral β-diversity among the shoals supports the hypothesis that these habitats behave like small oases of hard substrata interspersed in a muddy bottom, and stresses the need of specific actions aimed at the urgent protection of these oasis of biodiversity. Expand