Persistence and distribution of chlordane and dieldrin applied as termiticides

@article{Bennett1974PersistenceAD,
  title={Persistence and distribution of chlordane and dieldrin applied as termiticides},
  author={Gary W. Bennett and D. L. Ballee and Randall C. Hall and Jack E. Fahey and William L. Butts and John V. Osmun},
  journal={Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology},
  year={1974},
  volume={11},
  pages={64-69}
}
The persistence and movement of many chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides in soils have been found to be dependent upon the chemical formulation used, the method of application, and especially the environmental conditions (weathering) to which they are exposed (CARTER and STRINGER 1970a, 1970b, LICHTENSTEIN 1966, LICHTENSTEIN et al. 1960, 1962, 1964, 1971, SMITH 1968). Soil type, the amount of organic matter in a particular soil type, and soil moisture are major factors affecting persistence… 
Distribution of sub-slab injected dursban® TC (chlorpyrifos) in a loamy sand soil when used for subterranean termite control
TLDR
Of the currently registered active ingredients (AI) labeled for controlling subterranean termites, chlorpyrifos (Dursban | TC) has been the most widely used by commercial pest control operators (PCO's) (Mix 1988).
EFFECT OF SURFACTANTS AND FORMULATIONS ON DISTRIBUTION OF CYPERMETHRIN USED FOR SUBTERRANEAN TERMITE CONTROL IN SANDY SOIL
The distribution of cypermethrin (Demon@) affected by formulations and surfactants in a sandy loam soil was determined. Eight treatments consisted of Demon TC (25.3 % cypermethrin, emulsifiable
Concentration and Transport of Chlordane and Nonachlor Associated with Suspended Sediment in the Mississippi River, May 1988 to June 1990
  • C. Rostad
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
    Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology
  • 1997
TLDR
The distribution of technical chlordane in riverine environments may be due in part to resuspension and aqueous transport of contaminated bed sediment, and this hypothesis was tested at up to 17 sites from St. Louis to below New Orleans, including major tributaries.
Toxicity of the chlordane metabolite oxychlordane in female rats: clinical and histopathological changes.
  • G. Bondy, C. Armstrong, +4 authors M. Barker
  • Biology, Medicine
    Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
  • 2003
TLDR
In conclusion, ingestion of trans-nonachlor and related chlordane contaminants in foods results in the formation of a metabolite that is more toxic and bioaccumulative than the parent contaminants.
Distribution and Potential Human Risk of Organochlorine Pesticides in Market Mollusks from Dalian, China
TLDR
Sources analysis showed that, much higher concentrations of Chls in mollusk samples were the result of usage of the chemical in the city, HCH in samples were mainly due to historical technical HCH usage, and a small amount of fresh use of DDT might exist, causing high portion of p,p′-DDT in samples.
Termiticide Leachate from Building Foundation Drains
This study determined whether termiticides (insecticides that are formulated and applied for termite control), applied according to label directions to the soil surrounding basement walls, can leach
Levels and temporal trends of organochlorine contaminants in mussels from Spanish Mediterranean waters.
TLDR
The levels and trends of organochlorine contaminants were determined along the Spanish Mediterranean coast from 2000 to 2013 using mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, as bioindicator species, and no trends or weak downtrends were observed in the areas more polluted by local sources, and in most areas less polluted.
Chlordane Adsorption Onto Soils and Pig Slurry
Abstract The extent of chlordane adsorption onto two horizons of two different soils, and a pig slurry used as soil amendment was investigated. Adsorption isotherms and coefficients were obtained
Field and Laboratory Studies on Sources and Persistence of Chlordane Contamination in the Missouri Aquatic Environment
Abstract Field and laboratory studies were conducted to investigate the persistence of chlordane in the aquatic and terrestrial environment. The laboratory data show that the transformation and loss
Adsorption of chlordane onto humic acids from soils and pig slurry
Adsorption of trans- and cis-chlordane onto humic acids (HAs) isolated from soils and a pig slurry was measured using a batch equilibrium method followed by gas chromatographic analysis. Experimental
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The persistence and degradation of heptachlor varied considerably by location in tests in 5 areas of the United States. Relatively high values for 1-hydroxy-chlordene, representing approximately 60%
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