Persistence and distribution of chlordane and dieldrin applied as termiticides

  title={Persistence and distribution of chlordane and dieldrin applied as termiticides},
  author={Gary W. Bennett and D. L. Ballee and Randall C. Hall and Jack E. Fahey and William L. Butts and John V. Osmun},
  journal={Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology},
The persistence and movement of many chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides in soils have been found to be dependent upon the chemical formulation used, the method of application, and especially the environmental conditions (weathering) to which they are exposed (CARTER and STRINGER 1970a, 1970b, LICHTENSTEIN 1966, LICHTENSTEIN et al. 1960, 1962, 1964, 1971, SMITH 1968). Soil type, the amount of organic matter in a particular soil type, and soil moisture are major factors affecting persistence… 
Distribution of sub-slab injected dursban® TC (chlorpyrifos) in a loamy sand soil when used for subterranean termite control
Of the currently registered active ingredients (AI) labeled for controlling subterranean termites, chlorpyrifos (Dursban | TC) has been the most widely used by commercial pest control operators (PCO's) (Mix 1988).
The distribution of cypermethrin (Demon@) affected by formulations and surfactants in a sandy loam soil was determined. Eight treatments consisted of Demon TC (25.3 % cypermethrin, emulsifiable
Concentration and Transport of Chlordane and Nonachlor Associated with Suspended Sediment in the Mississippi River, May 1988 to June 1990
  • C. Rostad
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
    Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology
  • 1997
The distribution of technical chlordane in riverine environments may be due in part to resuspension and aqueous transport of contaminated bed sediment, and this hypothesis was tested at up to 17 sites from St. Louis to below New Orleans, including major tributaries.
Toxicity of the chlordane metabolite oxychlordane in female rats: clinical and histopathological changes.
  • G. Bondy, C. Armstrong, +4 authors M. Barker
  • Biology, Medicine
    Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
  • 2003
In conclusion, ingestion of trans-nonachlor and related chlordane contaminants in foods results in the formation of a metabolite that is more toxic and bioaccumulative than the parent contaminants.
Distribution and Potential Human Risk of Organochlorine Pesticides in Market Mollusks from Dalian, China
Sources analysis showed that, much higher concentrations of Chls in mollusk samples were the result of usage of the chemical in the city, HCH in samples were mainly due to historical technical HCH usage, and a small amount of fresh use of DDT might exist, causing high portion of p,p′-DDT in samples.
Termiticide Leachate from Building Foundation Drains
This study determined whether termiticides (insecticides that are formulated and applied for termite control), applied according to label directions to the soil surrounding basement walls, can leach
Levels and temporal trends of organochlorine contaminants in mussels from Spanish Mediterranean waters.
The levels and trends of organochlorine contaminants were determined along the Spanish Mediterranean coast from 2000 to 2013 using mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, as bioindicator species, and no trends or weak downtrends were observed in the areas more polluted by local sources, and in most areas less polluted.
Chlordane Adsorption Onto Soils and Pig Slurry
Abstract The extent of chlordane adsorption onto two horizons of two different soils, and a pig slurry used as soil amendment was investigated. Adsorption isotherms and coefficients were obtained
Field and Laboratory Studies on Sources and Persistence of Chlordane Contamination in the Missouri Aquatic Environment
Abstract Field and laboratory studies were conducted to investigate the persistence of chlordane in the aquatic and terrestrial environment. The laboratory data show that the transformation and loss
Adsorption of chlordane onto humic acids from soils and pig slurry
Adsorption of trans- and cis-chlordane onto humic acids (HAs) isolated from soils and a pig slurry was measured using a batch equilibrium method followed by gas chromatographic analysis. Experimental


Increase of Persistence and Toxicity of Parathion and Diazinon in Soils with Detergents
Addition of the detergents ABS and LAS to insec-ticide-treated soils, increased the persistence of organo-phosphorous insecticidal residues and resulted in an increased persistence of parathion and diazinon in a loam soil.
Vertical Distribution and Persistence of Insecticidal Residues in Soils as Influenced by Mode of Application and a Cover Crop
Volatilization appears to be the major factor in the loss of insecticidal residues and their longer persistence after having been incorporated into the soil, may be extended by reducing the volatilized of the insecticides at the soil-air interface with a dense cover crop.
Persistence of DDT, aldrin, and lindane in some midwestern soils.
Two major factors affecting the persistence of an insecticide in soils appear to be the amount of organic matter within a particular soil type and the climatic conditions of the area.
Effect of Formulation and Mode of Application of Aldrin on the Loss of Aldrin and Its Epoxide from Soils and Their Translocation into Carrots
The highest rate of aldrin epoxidation occurred in emulsion-treated soils and the greatest residues in carrots were found in those grown in soils into which the insecticide had been incorporated as an emulsion, although the comparable granule-treated soil contained 1.5 times more toxicants.
Residues and degradation products of technical heptachlor in various soil types.
The persistence and degradation of heptachlor varied considerably by location in tests in 5 areas of the United States. Relatively high values for 1-hydroxy-chlordene, representing approximately 60%
Chemicals for subterranean termite control: results of long-term tests.
Numerous insecticides have been under study for many years in soils in southern Mississippi for protection against subterranean termite attack, and some are still effective after 17 to 21 years.
Soil moisture and soil type influence initial penetration by organochlorine insecticides