Persecution Perpetuated: The Medieval Origins of Anti-Semitic Violence in Nazi Germany

@article{Voigtlnder2011PersecutionPT,
  title={Persecution Perpetuated: The Medieval Origins of Anti-Semitic Violence in Nazi Germany},
  author={Nico Voigtl{\"a}nder and Hans Joachim Voth},
  journal={Political Behavior: Race},
  year={2011}
}
How persistent are cultural traits? This paper uses data on anti-Semitism in Germany and finds continuity at the local level over more than half a millennium. When the Black Death hit Europe in 1348-50, killing between one third and one half of the population, its cause was unknown. Many contemporaries blamed the Jews. Cities all over Germany witnessed mass killings of their Jewish population. At the same time, numerous Jewish communities were spared these horrors. We use plague pogroms as an… 
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