The changes in activities of soluble and cell wall-bound peroxidases and lignin contents in juglone-stressed soybean (Glycine max) seedlings and their relationships with root growth were investigated. Soybean seedlings (3-d-old) were cultivated in nutrient solution supplemented with 0.5 to 25 μM juglone for 24 h. Length and dry mass of roots decreased after 5 to 25 μM juglone treatments. Low juglone concentrations (≤ 1 μM) increased soluble peroxidase activity, while high concentrations (≥ 10 μM) inhibited activities of soluble and cell wall-bound peroxidases. Juglone (≤ 1 μM) did not affect lignin content but highly increased lignification after 5 to 25 μM treatments. Results indicate that lignification may be an important step in root growth reduction of juglone-stressed soybean.