Permittivity Measurements of Biological Samples by an Open-ended Coaxial Line


We previously reported on the complex permittivity and dc conductivity of waste-activated sludge. The measurements, spanning a frequency range of 3 MHz to 40 GHz, were made using an open-ended coaxial transmission line. Although this technique is well established in the literature, we found that it was necessary to combine methods from several papers to use… (More)


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Citations per Year

Citation Velocity: 13

Averaging 13 citations per year over the last 3 years.

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