Permian–Triassic Osteichthyes (bony fishes): diversity dynamics and body size evolution

  title={Permian–Triassic Osteichthyes (bony fishes): diversity dynamics and body size evolution},
  author={C. Romano and Martha B. Koot and Ilja Kogan and A. Brayard and A. V. Minikh and W. Brinkmann and H. Bucher and J. Kriwet},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
The Permian and Triassic were key time intervals in the history of life on Earth. Both periods are marked by a series of biotic crises including the most catastrophic of such events, the end‐Permian mass extinction, which eventually led to a major turnover from typical Palaeozoic faunas and floras to those that are emblematic for the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Here we review patterns in Permian–Triassic bony fishes, a group whose evolutionary dynamics are understudied. Based on data from primary… Expand
A late Permian ichthyofauna from the Zechstein Basin, Lithuanian–Latvian Region
The late Permian was a transformative time, which ended with one of the most significant extinction events in Earth’s history. Fish assemblages are a major component of marine food webs. TheExpand
A late Permian ichthyofauna from the Zechstein Basin, Lithuania-Latvia Region
The late Permian fish fauna from Kūmas quarry (southern Latvia) is described for the first time and is very similar to the contemporaneous Lopingian complex of the carbonate formation from the Karpėnai quarry (northern Lithuania), despite the fact that Kümas samples include higher diversity and abundance in fossil remains. Expand
Body-shape diversity in Triassic–Early Cretaceous neopterygian fishes: sustained holostean disparity and predominantly gradual increases in teleost phenotypic variety
Comparison of crown and stem teleost partial disparity indicates that, despite a statistically significant increase in crown teleost disparity between the Late Jurassic and earliest Cretaceous, stemteleosts remained important long-term contributors to overallteleost disparity during this time. Expand
Body size evolution and habitat colonization across 100 million years (Late Jurassic–Paleocene) of the actinopterygian evolutionary history
P phylogenetic comparative methods on a genus‐level actinopterygian super‐tree based on extant and fossil data covering the Late Jurassic‐Paleogene interval indicate marine ancestry for freshwater lineages and a dominance of colonizations from marine clades towards other habitats. Expand
Early Triassic Gulliver gastropods: Spatio-temporal distribution and significance for biotic recovery after the end-Permian mass extinction
A reduction in body size (Lilliput effect) has been repeatedly proposed for many marine organisms in the aftermath of the Permian–Triassic (PT) mass extinction. Specifically-reduced maximum sizes ofExpand
Giant Mesozoic coelacanths (Osteichthyes, Actinistia) reveal high body size disparity decoupled from taxic diversity
The results indicate that rates of speciation and rates of morphological evolution are decoupled from the disparity in body size in coelacanths, and these characteristics highlight new evolutionary traits specific to these “living fossils”. Expand
Ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii) constitute approximately half of all living vertebrate species. A stable hypothesis of relationships among major modern lineages has emerged over the past decade,Expand
The Early Triassic Jurong fish fauna, South China: Age, anatomy, taphonomy, and global correlation
Abstract As the higher trophic guilds in marine food chains, top predators such as larger fishes and reptiles are important indicators that a marine ecosystem has recovered following a crisis. EarlyExpand
Marine Early Triassic Osteichthyes from Spiti, Indian Himalayas
A new, marine osteichthyan (bony fish) fauna from the Early Triassic of northern India is presented. The material was collected in situ at localities within Pin Valley (Lahaul and Spiti District,Expand
Phanerozoic survivors: Actinopterygian evolution through the Permo‐Triassic and Triassic‐Jurassic mass extinction events
The actinopterygians appears to have been immune to two major environmental crises that were disastrous to most other organisms, including the Permo‐Triassic mass extinction and end-Triassic extinction. Expand


Global Taxonomic Diversity of Anomodonts (Tetrapoda, Therapsida) and the Terrestrial Rock Record Across the Permian-Triassic Boundary
Investigation of diversity patterns in Anomodontia, an extinct group of therapsid synapsids (‘mammal-like reptiles’), through time and in particular across this event finds it remains unclear whether the Middle Triassic extinction represents a gradual or abrupt event that is unique to anommodonts or more common among terrestrial tetrapods. Expand
Bivalves from the Olenekian (Early Triassic) of south-western Utah: systematics and evolutionary significance
The recovery from the end-Permian mass extinction event was a key interval in the history of life, but few modern studies provide systematic data on benthic marine faunas from the epoch immediatelyExpand
Triassic: the crucial period of post-Palaeozoic crinoid diversification
After their near-extinction around the end of the Permian, crinoids recovered during the Triassic and re-occupied almost all ecological niches they had held in Palaeozoic times. Triassic crinoidsExpand
Exceptional vertebrate biotas from the Triassic of China, and the expansion of marine ecosystems after the Permo-Triassic mass extinction
Abstract The Triassic was a time of turmoil, as life recovered from the most devastating of all mass extinctions, the Permo-Triassic event 252 million years ago. The Triassic marine rock successionExpand
A survey of palaeontological sampling biases in fishes based on the Phanerozoic record of Great Britain
Fishes represent more than half of all living vertebrate species, but patterns of fish diversity remain little explored in the fossil record. A compendium of fossil occurrences from Great Britain wasExpand
Saurichthys and other fossil fishes from the late Smithian (Early Triassic) of Bear Lake County (Idaho, USA), with a discussion of saurichthyid palaeogeography and evolution
A new marine fish assemblage from the late Smithian (Olenekian, Early Triassic) Anasibirites beds of the Thaynes Formation collected near Georgetown (Bear Lake County, south-east Idaho, USA)Expand
Five hundred million years of extinction and recovery: a phanerozoic survey of large‐scale diversity patterns in fishes
A broad overview of the Phanerozoic history of fish diversity is provided, placing a special emphasis on intervals of turnover, evolutionary radiation, and extinction. Expand
Vertebrate diversity across the end-Permian mass extinction — Separating biological and geological signals
Abstract This study examines regional diversity patterns of Permian–Triassic terrestrial vertebrates of the South African Karoo Basin and the Russian fore-Ural region. Previous studies clearlyExpand
Correlation between environment and Late Mesozoic ray-finned fish evolution
In order to better understand the parameters that drove evolution of actinopterygian fishes from the Late Jurassic to the Late Cretaceous (this being the time of diversification of crown groupExpand
Organic matter and palaeoenvironmental signals during the Early Triassic biotic recovery: The Salt Range and Surghar Range records
Latest Permian to the Middle Triassic mixed siliciclastic–carbonate shelf deposits of the northern Gondwana margin have been studied in four sections (Nammal, Chhidru, Chitta–Landu, and Narmia) inExpand