Permanent right ventricular pacing through an anomalous left superior vena cava.

Abstract

A persistent left superior vena cava can complicate the implantation of a transvenous pacemaker. In a patient who required a permanent pacemaker, this venous anomaly was discovered during the insertion of the electrode but it did not prevent long-term right ventricular pacing. This was achieved after the electrode had been manipulated through the coronary… (More)

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