Permanent right ventricular pacing through an anomalous left superior vena cava.


A persistent left superior vena cava can complicate the implantation of a transvenous pacemaker. In a patient who required a permanent pacemaker, this venous anomaly was discovered during the insertion of the electrode but it did not prevent long-term right ventricular pacing. This was achieved after the electrode had been manipulated through the coronary… (More)


  • Presentations referencing similar topics