Permanent magnets including undulators and wigglers

@article{Bahrdt2011PermanentMI,
  title={Permanent magnets including undulators and wigglers},
  author={Johannes Bahrdt},
  journal={arXiv: Accelerator Physics},
  year={2011}
}
  • J. Bahrdt
  • Published 8 March 2011
  • Physics
  • arXiv: Accelerator Physics
After a few historic remarks on magnetic materials we introduce the basic definitions related to permanent magnets. The magnetic properties of the most common materials are reviewed and the production processes are described. Measurement techniques for the characterization of macroscopic and microscopic properties of permanent magnets are presented. Field simulation techniques for permanent magnet devices are discussed. Today, permanent magnets are used in many fields. This article concentrates… 
MODELIZATION OF INHOMOGENEITIES IN PERMANENT MAGNET BLOCKS
Nowadays one of the main objectives for insertion devices manufacturers is to reduce the gap of undulators as much as possible while keeping the features of the generated magnetic eld. Because of
Beam Diagnostics and Spectroscopy at X-ray Free Electron Lasers

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