Permanent epicardial and transvenous single- and dual-chamber cardiac pacing in children.

Abstract

Between January 1974 and November 1991 33 children received a permanent single- or dual-chamber pacing system, mainly because of postoperative high-degree AV block. The children were followed up retrospectively for pacemaker- and lead-related complications, and for differences between epi- and endocardial stimulation. The overall rate of lead related… (More)

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@article{Esperer1993PermanentEA, title={Permanent epicardial and transvenous single- and dual-chamber cardiac pacing in children.}, author={H. D. Esperer and Heinz Singer and Frank Thomas Riede and Ulrike Blum and Fatma Mahmoud and Joachim Weniger}, journal={The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon}, year={1993}, volume={41 1}, pages={21-7} }