Permanent atrial pacing. Epicardial approach - "pinch-on" electrodes.

  title={Permanent atrial pacing. Epicardial approach - "pinch-on" electrodes.},
  author={J W Calvin},
  journal={Archives of surgery},
  volume={111 6},
Atrial pacing, while recognized to have therapeutic indications, has not been easily accomplished because there have been no simple and reliable electrodes available. A short parasternal mediastinotomy provides sufficient exposure for easy application of "pinch-on" electrodes to the presenting fold of the right atrium. Special attention is given to the recording of electrical indexes of the pulse generator and electrodes (voltage threshold, calculated impedance, and intrinsic amplitude of the P… CONTINUE READING

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