[Peritumoral hemorrhage after radiosurgery for metastatic brain tumor: a case report].

Abstract

An unusual case of peritumoral hemorrhage after radiosurgery for the treatment of metastatic brain tumor is reported. This 64-year-old woman had a history of breast cancer and underwent right mastectomy in 1989. She remained well until January 1993, when she started to have headache, nausea and speech disturbance, and was hospitalized on February 25, 1993. Neurological examination disclosed right hemiparesis and bilateral papilledema. CT scan and MR imaging showed a solitary round mass lesion in the left basal ganglia region. It was a well-demarcated, highly enhanced mass, 37mm in diameter. Cerebral angiography confirmed a highly vascular mass lesion in the same location. She was treated with radiosurgery on March 8 (maximum dose was 20Gy in the center and 10Gy in the peripheral part of the tumor). After radiosurgery, she had an uneventful course and clinical and radiosurgical improvement could be detected. Her neurological symptoms and signs gradually improved and reduction of the tumor size and perifocal edema could be seen one month after radiosurgery. However, 6 weeks after radiosurgery, she suddenly developed semicoma and right hemiplegia. CT scan disclosed a massive peritumoral hemorrhage. Then, emergency craniotomy, evacuation of the hematoma and total removal of the tumor were performed on April 24. Histopathological diagnosis was adenocarcinoma. It was the same finding as that of the previous breast cancer. Histopathological examination revealed necrosis without tumor cells in the center and residual tumor cells in the peripheral part of the tumor.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Motozaki1994PeritumoralHA, title={[Peritumoral hemorrhage after radiosurgery for metastatic brain tumor: a case report].}, author={Takahiko Motozaki and Sigeki Ban and Tetsuo Yamamoto and Minoru Hamasaki}, journal={No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery}, year={1994}, volume={22 8}, pages={789-93} }