Peritoneal tuberculosis in Qatar: a five-year hospital-based study from 2005 to 2009.

Abstract

There is limited information about peritoneal tuberculosis in Qatar. This retrospective study aimed to review our experience with peritoneal tuberculosis in patients admitted to Hamad general hospital over a period of 5 years, from 2005 to 2009, with emphasis on presentation, investigation, diagnosis and therapeutic outcome. Fifty-four patients with peritoneal tuberculosis identified during the study period were included. The mean age of them was 31.85 years and 96.3% (52/54) of them were non-Qataris with male predominance. The main symptoms and signs at the time of presentation were abdominal pain and ascites respectively. Underlying diseases were described in 24% (13/54) and history of contact with tuberculous cases was present in 31.5% (17/54) of patients. Tuberculin test was positive in 66.7% (36/54). The ascitic fluid smear showed acid fast bacilli in 2% (1/53), and culture was positive in 39.6% (21/53) of cases. Laparoscopically obtained peritoneal biopsy showed caseating granulomas in 93% (40/43) and mycobacteria were identified by acid fast staining and culture in 58.5% (24/41) and 98% (40/41) of the tested specimens respectively. Most of the patients (84%; 37/44) who had completed their therapy in Qatar improved with antituberculosis therapy, and only one patient died. In conclusion, the clinical features and the imaging findings of the disease were non-specific. A high index of suspicion is essential for early diagnosis. Culture of ascitic fluid delayed the diagnosis in clinically suspected cases, whereas laparoscopically guided peritoneal biopsy provided rapid and correct diagnosis. A Six-month course with antituberculous therapy was effective and improved the outcome.

DOI: 10.1016/j.tmaid.2011.12.001

Cite this paper

@article{Khan2012PeritonealTI, title={Peritoneal tuberculosis in Qatar: a five-year hospital-based study from 2005 to 2009.}, author={Fahmi Yousef Khan and Ahmed Mustafa Al-Muzrakchi and Mamoon M Elbedawi and Attor Ahmed Al-Muzrakchi and Abdulhakeem Al Tabeb}, journal={Travel medicine and infectious disease}, year={2012}, volume={10 1}, pages={25-31} }