Peripheral blood levels of matrix and inflammatory mediators are elevated in Tunisian patients with acute coronary syndromes.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to investigate differences of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in the peripheral blood of patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), in correlation with the widely accepted markers of inflammatory activity, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, and white blood cell number. METHODS 315 patients with ACS (165 unstable angina pectoris/non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, 150 ST-elevation myocardial infarction), 111 stable angina (SA) patients, and 296 control subjects were enrolled in the study. All biochemical analyses were carried out using a Hitachi 912 analyzer (Roche). Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) levels were determined in citrate plasma by ELISA methods. White blood cells (WBC) and fibrinogen were also determined. RESULTS The plasma concentrations of matrix metalloproteinase-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, and white blood cells in patients with acute coronary syndrome were significantly elevated compared to the control group (p < 0.001). MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio was significantly higher in SA and ACS patients (p < 0.001) than controls. Strong positive associations were observed between MMP-9 and TIMP-1 (r = 0.213, p < 0.01), MMP-9 and CRP (r = 0.103, p < 0.01), MMP-9 and fibrinogen (r = 0.299, p < 0.01), MMP-9 and WBC (r = 0.135, p < 0.01), TIMP-1 and CRP (r = 0.219, p < 0.01), TIMP-1 and Fibrinogen (r = 0.226, p < 0.01), TIMP-1 and WBC (r = 0.094, p < 0.1), CRP and fibrinogen (r = 0.158, p < 0.01), CRP and WBC (r = 0.156, p < 0.01, and finally between fibrinogen and WBC (r = 0.234, p < 0.01) in the patients with ACS. CONCLUSIONS In conclusion, our observations suggest that ACS shows an increase in both remodeling and inflammation markers. In addition, the strong relationship with MMP-9 and inflammatory mediators such as CRP, fibrinogen, and WBC in ACS patients suggests that MMP-9 might be an additional marker and/or consequence of inflammatory components in ACS.

Cite this paper

@article{Zayani2013PeripheralBL, title={Peripheral blood levels of matrix and inflammatory mediators are elevated in Tunisian patients with acute coronary syndromes.}, author={Yosra Zayani and Monia Allal-Elasmi and Marie Paule Jacob and Wiem Zidi and Amira Zaroui and Moncef Feki and Sami Mourali and Rachid Mechmech and Naziha Kaabachi}, journal={Clinical laboratory}, year={2013}, volume={59 1-2}, pages={169-75} }