Perioperative search for circulating tumor cells in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer


OBJECTIVE Despite having an organ confined tumor stage at the time of radical cystectomy, a certain number of bladder cancer patients will develop local or distant metastases over time. Currently there are no reliable serum markers for monitoring and evaluating risk profiles of urothelial cancers. Several studies suggest that detection of Circulating Tumor… (More)


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