Perioperative nutrition support in cancer patients.

Abstract

Malnutrition and weight loss negatively affect outcomes in surgical cancer patients. Decades of research have sought to identify the most appropriate use of nutrition support in these patients. National and international guidelines help to direct clinicians' use of nutrition support in surgical patients, but a number of specific issues concerning the use of nutrition support continue to evolve. This review focuses on 5 key issues related to perioperative nutrition support in cancer patients: (1) Which perioperative cancer patients should receive nutrition support? (2) How can the nutrition status and requirements of these patients be optimally assessed? (3) What is the optimal route of administration (parenteral nutrition vs enteral nutrition) and composition of nutrition support in this setting? (4) When should feedings be initiated? (5) What is the role of glycemic control in these patients?

DOI: 10.1177/0884533612455203
0204060802014201520162017
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@article{Huhmann2012PerioperativeNS, title={Perioperative nutrition support in cancer patients.}, author={Maureen B. Huhmann and David A. August}, journal={Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition}, year={2012}, volume={27 5}, pages={586-92} }