Periodontal manifestations of Ehlers–Danlos syndromes: A systematic review

@article{KapfererSeebacher2017PeriodontalMO,
  title={Periodontal manifestations of Ehlers–Danlos syndromes: A systematic review},
  author={Ines Kapferer-Seebacher and Pernilla Lundberg and Franziska Malfait and Johannes Zschocke},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Periodontology},
  year={2017},
  volume={44},
  pages={1088–1100}
}
AIM Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a group of inherited connective tissue disorders, characterized by joint hypermobility, skin hyperextensibility, and tissue fragility. Periodontal EDS (pEDS) is a specific EDS subtype caused by heterozygous mutations in complement 1 subunit genes C1R and C1S, with early severe periodontitis as predominant clinical feature. We aimed to systematically assess the spectrum of periodontal abnormalities in all EDS subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS An electronic… 

Dental Manifestations of Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes: A Systematic Review

A review systematically assessed the spectrum of published dental anomalies in various types of Ehlers-Danlos syndromes, findingentinogenesis imperfecta is a consistent finding in osteogenic imperfecta/EDS overlap syndrome.

Oral characteristics in adult individuals with periodontal Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Characteristic oral traits of pEDS in adults are severe clinical attachment loss with shallow probing depths and marked gingival recession and these indications need to be paralleled by genetic analyses to diagnose pEDs unambiguously.

Prepubertal Periodontitis in a Patient with Combined Classical and Periodontal Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome

Early severe periodontitis in association with generalized lack of attached gingiva is pathognomonic for periodontal EDS and led to the right clinical and genetic diagnosis in the present case.

Oral manifestations of Ehlers‐Danlos syndromes

The current knowledge in the various EDS types is summarized, in particular regarding severe changes in oral health‐related quality of life, the differential emergence of periodontitis, characteristic yet highly cumbersome dental manifestations, apparent anomalies of oral soft tissues, and relevant issues related to dental implantology.

Two Different Missense C1S Mutations, Associated to Periodontal Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Lead to Identical Molecular Outcomes

Comparative enzymatic analyses show that Fg40 retains the native esterolytic activity of C1s, as well as its cleavage efficiency toward the ancillary alarmin HMGB1 substrate, for example, whereas the nominal complement C4 activation cleavage is impaired.

Atrophic violaceus pretibial plaques: when the clue is the oral mucosa

A family with pEDS, who had been misdiagnosed for years, was reported, and brain magnetic resonance imaging of the father was suggestive of a leucoencephalopathy pattern, which could be related to small vessel abnormalities, but might also been related to his hypertension.

Surgical-orthodontic treatment in patients with Ehlers–Danlos syndrome: a report of two familial cases

The surgical-orthodontic treatment for two sisters affected by a common and familial form of EDS, with a follow-up period of 8 years, and a review of oro-dental manifestations and therapeutic approaches for patients with EDS are described.

A Chinese family with periodontal Ehlers–Danlos syndrome associated with missense mutation in the C1R gene

To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of coexistence of two forms of EDS in a single individual, with coexistence C1R and COL3A1 mutations in the proband who was suspected to suffer from vascular EDS as well.

Rare Genetic Disorders Affecting the Periodontal Supporting Tissues in Adolescence

In adolescents periodontal destruction may be the primary manifestation of an as yet unrecognized rare systemic disease, and it may be up to the periodontist to make the correct tentative diagnosis.

Oro-dental characteristics in patients with hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome compared to a healthy control group.

The results indicate that xerostomia, resistance to local anaesthesia, tooth extraction complications, poor oral hygiene, larger distance between CEJ and marginal bone level and small crown heights can be found in patients with hEDS.

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It seems advisable to consider carefully the indications for orthodontic treatment in patients with Ehlers-Danlos type VIII syndrome, which has suffered from poor healing of wounds at the shins and knees since childhood, which have developed into hyperpigmented atrophic scars.
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