Periodontal and microbiologic evaluation of 2 methods of archwire ligation: ligature wires and elastomeric rings.

@article{Souza2008PeriodontalAM,
  title={Periodontal and microbiologic evaluation of 2 methods of archwire ligation: ligature wires and elastomeric rings.},
  author={Ricardo Alves de Souza and Maria Beatriz Borges de Ara{\'u}jo Magnani and Darcy Fl{\'a}vio Nouer and Clev{\'e}rson Oliveira da Silva and Marlise In{\^e}z Klein and En{\'i}lson Ant{\^o}nio Sallum and Reginaldo Bruno Gonçalves},
  journal={American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics},
  year={2008},
  volume={134 4},
  pages={506-12}
}
INTRODUCTION Prophylactic programs to prevent dental biofilm accumulation must be implemented to minimize the risk for periodontal diseases in orthodontic patients. Therefore, we assessed the possible periodontal and microbiologic changes resulting from the use of 2 methods of orthodontic archwire ligation: elastomeric rings and steel ligatures. METHODS The following parameters were measured: plaque index, gingival bleeding index, probing depth, and biofilm samples from the maxillary second… CONTINUE READING