Periodical Cicadas as Resource Pulses in North American Forests

@article{Yang2004PeriodicalCA,
  title={Periodical Cicadas as Resource Pulses in North American Forests},
  author={Louie H. Yang},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={306},
  pages={1565 - 1567}
}
Resource pulses are occasional events of ephemeral resource superabundance that occur in many ecosystems. Aboveground consumers in diverse communities often respond strongly to resource pulses, but few studies have investigated the belowground consequences of resource pulses in natural ecosystems. This study shows that resource pulses of 17-year periodical cicadas (Magicicada spp.) directly increase microbial biomass and nitrogen availability in forest soils, with indirect effects on growth and… 
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Resource pulses of dead periodical cicadas increase the growth of American bellflower rosettes under competitive and non-competitive conditions
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Results suggest that the American bellflower plants increased their total nutrient uptake at a timescale commensurate with the pulsed increase in nutrient availability due to cicada carcass decomposition.
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The hypothesis that fine woody debris, such as those produced by commercial thinning operations, are attractive to beetles for a short period because they rapidly decay and are rarely colonized by wood-boring species, inhibiting further colonization by fungi and mycophagous beetles is supported.
From water to land: How an invasive clam may function as a resource pulse to terrestrial invertebrates.
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The importance of major resource pulses after massive die-offs of invasive bivalves, contributing with remarkable amounts of carrion for adjacent terrestrial systems is highlighted.
Concurrent effects of resource pulse amount, type, and frequency on community and population properties of consumers in detritus-based systems
TLDR
This work investigated how variation in pulse frequency, amount, and resource type interacted to affect richness, abundance, composition, and population sizes of colonizing invertebrates in water-filled tires and tree hole analogs in a forest habitat and found one group, the filter feeders, were most important in driving the response of abundance and richness to pulses.
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